موقع اي بوك التعليمي موقع اي بوك التعليمي
random

آخر الأخبار

random
جاري التحميل ...

الوحدة ال13 لغة انجليزية الصف الثاني الثانوي الترم الثاني unit 13 2018

unit 13.








head teacher
معلم أول
period
فتــــرة
involve
يتضمن - يشمل
damage
يتلــــــف - تلف
height
ارتفـــــاع - طول
electrical
كهربــــي
damaging
مدمر - محطم
screen
شاشـــــة
equipped with
مجهــــز بـ
health
صحــــــة
angle
زاويـــــة
equipment
معـــــدات
healthy
صحـــــــي
flat
مستــــــوِي
point out
يوضـــح
unusual
غير معتاد
user
مستخدِم
recommend
يوصــــِي
adults
البالغين
avoid
يتجنب
recommendation
توصية - تذكية
bring
يُحضر - يجلب
blink
يرمـــــش
plug
يوصل الكهرباء
related to
مرتبط بـ
focus on
يركز علي
unplug
يفصل الكهرباء
relation
علاقــــــة
include
يتضمن - يشمل
overload
يزيد الحِمْــل
back
الظَهـــــر
moist
رطِــــــب
pour
يصــــــب
main
أساسي - رئيسي
moisture
الرطوبـــــة
socket
مقبس كهربائي
mainly
أساسا
dry
جـــــاف
smoke alarm
جهاز إنذار الدخان
pain
ألــــــم
bright
ساطع

fire alarm
جهاز إنذار حريق
painful
مؤلـــــم
brightness
سُطُوع
remind
يُذَكــــر
stretch
يمد - يمتد
basic rules
قواعد أساسة
put out
يطفئ
temporary
مؤقــــت
health problem
مشكلة صحيـــة
blanket
بطانيــــة
permanent
دائـــــم
follow
يتبـــــــع
connect
يوصــــل
active
نشيــــط
experience
يتعرض لــ - يمر بـ
disconnect
يقطع الاتصال
activity
نشــــاط
view
يشاهد - منظر
lid
غطاء
common
شائــــع
viewer
مشاهِــــد
simple
بسيــــط
ache
ألــــم - يؤلــــم
level
مستـــــــوِي
simplicity
بساطــــــة
headache
صــــداع
smooth
أملس - ناعم
low
منخفض
serious
جاد - خطير
measure
يقيـــــس
sit straight
يجلس معتدلا
repetitive
متكــــرر - ممل
measurement
قيـاس
explain
يشرح - يفسر
strain
إجهاد - إرهاق
slight
طفيف
go on
يواصل - يستمر
sore
موجع - مؤلم
slightly
بدرجة طفيفة
let ……. down
يخــــذل
injury
إصابــــــة
personal
شخصــــــي
persuade
يقنـــــــــع
lead to
يؤدي إلي
take place
يحـــــدث
convince
يقنـــــــــع
rest
يرتاح - راحـــة
majority
أغلبيـــــة
intend
ينوي - يقصد
position
وضع - موضع
fire
حريق- يفصل- يطرد
sensible
عاقل - حكيم
prevent
يمنـــع
bathroom
حمـــــــام - مرحاض
escape
يهرب - هروب

Definitions
angle
the position from which something is viewed
زاويـــــة
blink
shut an open your eyes quickly
يرمـــــش
brightness
the quality of light given or reflected by an object
سُطُوع
flat
describes something that is level, smooth and even
مستــــــوِي
height
the measurement from the bottom to the top of an object
ارتفــــاع
moist
describes something that is slightly wet, damp or humid
رطِــــــب
permanent
describes something that is intended to last or continue forever
دائــــــم
position
the location of an object
وضع - موضع
electrical
using or to do with electricity
كهربــــي
fire extinguisher
a piece of equipment used for stopping / putting out small fires
طفاية حريق
overload
put too much electricity through something
يزيد الحِمْــل
point out
tell someone something
يوضـــح
simple
describes something that is easy to do or easy to understand
بسيــــط
socket
a place in a wall where you can connect equipment to the supply of electricity
مقبس كهربائي
unplug
to disconnect a piece of electrical equipment by taking its plug out of a socket
يفصل الكهرباء
Expressions
computer-related problems
مشاكل مرتبطة بالكمبيوتر
looks into the future
يستشرف المستقبل
repetitive strain injury
إصابات الإجهاد المتكررة
be in use
مُستخدَم
take regular breaks
يأخذ فترات راحة منتظمة
fire extinguisher
طفاية حريق
do stretching exercises
يقوم بعمل تمارين الإحماء
make the situation worse
يجعل الموقف أكثر سوءا
find it helpful toمصدر ….
يجد أنه من المفيد أن....
to do with
له علاقة بـ
take an action
يتصرف
do …. sb. …. good
يفيد
keep … sth. ... clean
يحافظ علي نظافة....
It takes ages
يستغرق فترة طويلة
came up with some ideas
يتوصل إلي بعض الأفكار
let …. sb. …. down
يخذِل
in case the worst happens
تحسبا لحدوث الأسوأ
fall down the stairs
يسقط من علي السلالم
work out a fire escape plan
يطور خطة للنجاة من الحريق
fly at a height of….
يطير علي ارتفاع .....
have his feet flat on the floor

يجعل رجليه مستوية علي الأرض
Derivatives
Verb
Noun
Adjective
repeat
يتكــــرر
repetition
تكـــــرار
repetitive
متكرر - ممل
tire
يتعِب - يرهِق
tiredness
إرهاق - إجهاد
tired
متعَب - مرهَق
sadden
يُحــــزِن
sad
الحُــــزن
sad
حزين
brighten
يشرق - يبتهج
brightness
سطوع - وضوح
bright
لامع - ساطع
injure
يصيب \ يجرح
injury
إصابة
injured
مصاب مجروح
overload
يُحَمل بشكل زائد
overload
حِمل زائد
overloaded
مثقل بحمل زائد
strain
يرهق - يجهِد
strain
إجهاد - إرهاق
strained
مجهَد - مرهَـــق
flatten
يسوي
flatness
استواء
flat
مستوِي
reflect
يعكس
reflection
انعكاس
reflected
مُنْعَكِس
persuade
يقنــــع
persuasion
إقنـــــاع
persuasive
مقنـــــع
describe
يصف
description
الوصــــف
descriptive
وصفــــي
Antonyms
Word
Antonym
temporary
مؤقت
permanent
دائـــــم
appear
يظهـــر
disappear
يختفــــي
common
شائــــع
rare
نــــــادر
natural
طبيعي
unnatural
غير طبيعي
at least
علي الأقــــل
at most
في الغالب
regular
منتظــــم
irregular
غير منتظم
bottom
قـــاع
top
قمــــة
majority
الأغلبية
minority
أقليــــــة
include
يتضمن - يشمل
exclude
يَسْتَبعِد - يستثني
turn on
يُشَغِّل جهاز
turn off
يغلق جهاز



1- The phrasal verb "Come"
 * came up with : offer : propose                                             يبتكر ـ يخترع يعرض - يفكر في -
- Omar came up with a good suggestion for what to get Nabil as a birthday present.
- The best authors are always very good at coming up with new ideas.
* came out :                                                                                                     يخرج - يصدر - يظهر
- A new novel I want to read comes out next week.
- Do you know when the new James Bond film is coming out?
- His new novel comes out this autumn.              - If news of the marriage comes out ,he will be in trouble.
* come round : regain consciousness : wake up after an operation or illness يستعيد الوعي
- Mona came round slowly after the accident, but she’s fine now.
They operated on my brother at midday, and he comes round an hour later.
2- فاعل + (have) + مفعول + pp                                 يسمي هذا البناء الاستخدام السببي            
- Adel had his eyes tested in hospital.              - Bob had his teeth whitened; his smile looks great!
- الفاعل في مثل هذه الجمل هو المتسبب في الحدث فقط أما الفاعل الحقيقي غير موجود في الجملة
- We’re having our house painted this weekend.
- My washing machine is broken; I need to have it repaired.
3- sensible                عاقل - حكيم           - He's very sensible when it comes to spending money.           
  sensible             مناسب              - We're travelling, so please wear sensible clothes.
  sensitive                      حساس            - My eye is very sensitive to light.
- Don't be too rude to her. She is sensitive.
3- angle                             زاويــــــــــة           - The lines meet at a sharp angle.                                  
  angle           وجهة نظــــر            - From this angle, the plan did not seem like a good idea.
  angel                      مــــلاك              - Heaven is filled with angels.
4- moist : slightly wet رطب            - The cottage was cold and damp.
- Wipe the surface with a damp cloth.                            
  wet                                  مبلل - ممطر           - It’s going to be wet tomorrow.
5- take a bath : have a bath يأخذ حمام           - I prefer to take a when I return home.
6- cook : do the cooking             يطبخ            - I will help my mother cook / do the cooking.
7- Go on (with you) ! : Don’t expect me to believe that / Don't be silly
8- flat                                  مستوي - مسطح            - People used to think the earth was flat.
  flat                                  هادئ، راكد           - The sea is flat, so we can enjoy ourselves there.
                                                                                                   

Persuading                      الإقنـــــــــــاع
- Surely the most sensible thing would be .....                      بالتأكيد , أنسب شيء هو أن.....
- I really think youd be better at .......... than me.                                 أعتقد أنك ستكون أفضل مني في....
- Go on, (Hazem).                                                                                         لا تتوقع مني أن أصدقك (يا حازم)
- OK, youve persuaded me!                                                       وهو كذلك , لقد أقنعتني !
- Just this once, please!                                                                             فقط هذه المرة, من فضلك !
- Youre not going to let me down, are you?                                            أنت لن تخذلــــني , أليس كذلـــــك؟
- Its a (great film), youll love it.                                                                  انه (فيلم) رائع , سوف تعجب به
1
Nabil           : Hi, Hazem. I’m going to the beach this afternoon. Do you want to come with me?
Hazem: Hi, Nabil. I’d love to go to the beach, but I’ve got too much to do.
Nabil           : Go on, Hazem.
Hazem: No, I can’t. I have to finish my homework by tomorrow.
Nabil           : It’s a lovely day. A swim in the sea will do you good.
Hazem: I’d love to, but I can’t.
Nabil           : Just this once, please! You’ll be able to work better if you have a break.
Hazem: OK, maybe you’re right. I’ll come for just an hour.
2
Amal           : Hi, Nevine.
Nevine: Hi, Amal.
Amal           : Are you busy tomorrow?
Nevine: Yes, we’re having a big family meal at the weekend. I said that I’d help my mother
  do the cooking.
Amal           : There’s a new film that I’d really like to see. Can you come?
Nevine: I’m not sure. I’ll have to check with Mum.
Amal           : Come on! It’s a great film – you’ll love it.
Nevine I’m sure I would, but I need to ask my Mum first.
Amal              : Just for me – please!
Nevine: Hang on a minute. I’ll go and talk to Mum. …. No, I can’t – Mum needs me
  all day tomorrow.
Amal           : OK, thanks for asking. Perhaps next week.
Nevine: Yes, that’ll probably be OK.
3
Yasser: So, we’ve got to finish this project by next week, haven’t we?
Imad            : That’s right. What do want me to do?
Yasser: Perhaps you could look for the information that we need on the internet.
Imad           : I’m not sure about that. My computer’s very slow.
Yasser: I really think you’d be better at looking than me.
Imad           : But looking things up on the internet takes ages on my computer.
Yasser: You’re not going to let me down, are you?
Imad           : No, but I just think we could both look for information.
Yasser: Surely the most sensible thing would be for just one of us to look, then the other
  could do something else.
Imad           : OK, you’ve persuaded me. When shall we start?


1- How many hours a day do some people use computers, according to the speaker?
- Six or seven hours
2- Why is repetitive strain injury a serious problem?
- It can cause permanent damage/injury. The other problems are not permanent.
3- How many minutes break should we take every hour?
- We should take five minutes break every hour.
4- What two things should you do to prevent eye problems when using a computer?
- Blink and focus on things that are further away from the screen.
5- What shouldn’t happen if you follow the speaker’s advice?
- You should not experience serious problems.
6- Why did people think that the kitchen was where most accidents at home happen?
- Because this is where most house fires begin.
7- What should people do if they are not using electrical equipment?
- They should turn it off and unplug it.
8- What two pieces of equipment could help people to put out a fire?
 - A fire extinguisher and a fire blanket.
9- How else should people prepare in case there is a fire?
 - Families should prepare a fire escape plan.
10- Why do you think that young children and older adults are the most in danger from accidents at home? - Young children don’t always understand about dangers in the home, and old people can forget things and sometimes fall over easily.
11- What dangers are there in a kitchen?
- There are many dangers from electrical equipment, hot ovens, sharp knives, etc.
12- What dangers are there in bedrooms and living rooms
- There might be electrical equipment (for example computers or televisions), toys on the floor, open windows, glass that might break, etc.
13- What other causes of personal injuries can you think of? - You can fall over something or fall down the stairs, something might hit you if it falls or breaks, etc.
14 Where do they usually take place? (Think of inside and outside the home.)
- Most accidents happen in the living room, however, the most serious injuries happen in the kitchen or on the stairs.
15- What dangers are there for people in their teens or middle-aged people?
- There are dangers from cars (driving or walking across a road), from fires, pollution etc.
16- Do you think that people’s everyday lives are becoming more or less safe than in the past?
- I think that people’s everyday lives are becoming less safe than in the past because there are a lot of road accidents happening here and there every day as well as other accidents such as the electric fires , gas choke , etc
17- Why do you think that some people do not follow safety advice from experts?
- Some people think that they know better. They may think that experts worry too much.
18- What can we do to persuade people to follow this advice?
- We can show people facts, for example, the number of road accidents over a certain period, etc.




Reported questions الســـــؤال الغير مباشـــــر
1- لتحويل السؤال إلى غير مباشر نتبع نفس تغييرات الجملة الخبرية: (ضمائر - أزمنـــــة - ظروف زمان / مكان)
- Why are you laughing? Sami asked her.            - Sami asked her why she was laughing.
2- نحول فعل القول said إلى ) مفعول+ (asked: wondered / wanted to know, enquired
- How have you been feeling? asked Azza.            - Azza asked how I had been feeling.
- Who were you talking to yesterday? asked Heba.
- Heba asked who we had been talking to the day before.
3- نحذف الأقواس ونربط بأداة الاستفهام وإذا كانت أداة استفهام غير موجودة نربط بــ if whether /
- She said to him, "Are you going out?"                       - She asked him if / whether he was going out.
- He said to Mona, "Can you carry this bag?"            - He wondered if Mona could carry that bag.
4- نحول صيغة الاستفهام إلى جملة خبرية أي نضع الفاعل قبل الفعل ونحذف علامة الاستفهام ونضع نقطة.
- " When are you leaving? " she said to him.           - She asked him when he was leaving .
- When will you be back? asked their father.
- Their father asked them when they would be back.
5- لا تظهر الأفعال المساعدة (Do/Does / Did ) في السؤال الغير مباشر.
Where do you live? asked Huda.                                  - Huda asked me where I lived.
 “What did you do in town? Ola wanted to know.            - Ola wanted to know what he had done in town.
6- يمكن استخدام ( to + inf. ) بدلا من جملة خبرية بعد بعض أدوات الاستفهام المستخدمة كروابط في الغير المباشر.
- I haven't decided where to go for my holiday.
- I don't know what to do with my old computer.
- I'd like to know how to operate this machine.
ملحوظة هامــــــــــــــــــة : يتميز السؤال الغير مباشر بالخصائص الآتيــــــــــة
1- آخره عادة نقطة و ليس علامة استفهام                                            2- الأداة تستخدم كرابط
3- عــــــــادة لا نريد الإجابة عليه                                                       4- تكوينه خبري (لا نقدم فيه المساعد علي الفاعل)
5- لا نستخدم فيه (Do/Does / Did ) كأفعال مساعدة.
- How long will the pain last?                      - Ali asked the doctor how long the pain would last.
- How long do people spend on a computer each day?
- She asked me how long people spent on a computer each day.
- و لكن : لاحظ كيف يتم تحويل الأسئلة الآتيـــــة إلي الغير مباشرو كيف تختلف عن الخصائص السابقة.
* "How long have you stayed in Luxor"
- I want to know how long you have stayed in Luxor.
- Could you tell me how long you have stayed in Luxor?
* " Why doesn't she visit her uncle?"                            - I asked Ali why she didn't visit her uncle.
* "Who has cleaned the room?                                          - He asked me who had cleaned the room.
* " What is your favourite hobby?"
- I want to know what is your favourite hobby.           - I want to know what your favourite hobby is.
* " How much is the car?"
- He wanted to know how much the car was.              - He wanted to know the price of the car.
- لاحظ كيف نحول الطلب المهذب إلي الغير مباشر.
* Could you close the window, please?
- She asked me if I could close the window.            - She asked me to close the window.
UNIT 13               Keeping Safe                  ( workbook )
1 Complete these sentences with the correct words.
angle                             blink                             brightness                flat               height moist permanent position
a There’s a tree in our garden which is growing at a very strange …. angle ….. .
b There are no hills or mountains, so the road is very …………….. here.
c The bridge over the river is not ……………… . It will not be there next year.
d Can you change the …………….. on the television? It is very dark.
e Plants grow better in soil which is ……………. .
f The …………………of the mountain is about 2,000 metres.
g I must move because I am sitting in an uncomfortable ……………… .
h If you get something in your eye, you should ………………. quickly.
2 Choose the correct answers to these questions.
a Which parts of the body can you stretch?                      A legs                       B head
b At which height do you think most planes fly at!                      A 11,000 metres            B 1,000 metres
c What is the weather usually like when the sea is flat?           A rainy and windy            B calm and sunny
d In which position do you usually sleep?                                 A sitting down            B lying down
e What is the opposite of moist?                                            A dry                                  B hard
f In which subject do we measure angles?                       A chemistry                       B maths
3 The noun form of many adjectives ends in -ness. Complete the sentences with the correct form of these adjectives.
bright                            happy                             sad                             tired
a The….. brightness ……. of the sun made it very difficult to drive next to the lake.
b There was a lot of ………………. when we heard our teacher was leaving . She was very popular.
c On the first day of the holidays, the …………………….of the children was clear.
d Have a lot of sleep before you take your exams. …………….can stop you remembering things.
1 Write the questions that the speakers asked.
a Nabil asked Yasser what he was doing.
What are you doing, Yasser?
b Rami wanted to know where Mona had been.
c Reem's mother asked her when she would be home.
d Warda asked Sara how she usually got to school.
e Tarek wanted to know who Mazin had been playing football with.
f Zeinab's parents wanted to know what their daughter had done at school that day.
2 Report these questions using ask or want to know.
a "Where did you spend your holiday, Khaled?" Nasser wanted to know.
Nasser asked Khaled Where Khaled spend his holiday.
b "What are you doing this evening?" Hamid's mother asked him.
c "When do you want me to do the shopping, Mother?" Soha asked.
d "How many students are there in your class, Imad?" Sami wanted to know.
e "Who shall I invite to my birthday party, Hania?" Riham asked.
f “Is Randa Mona’s best friend?” Warda wanted to know.
3 Report a short conversation that you have had today with a friend or someone in your family.
My parents wanted to know what time I would be getting home.
1 Complete the definitions using the first and last letters of the missing words.
a We use a f…ire extinuishe… r for stopping small fires.
b If you u………………….g electrical equipment, it stops working.
c Something that is s……………………… e is not difficult.
d A s……………………… t is the place in a wall where you can connect electrical equipment to the supply of electricity.
e If you p…………t something o……… t, you tell someone about something they did not know or see.
f It can be very dangerous to o……………………d a socket.
g The m................. y of a group is most of the people in that group.
2 Complete these sentences with the correct words from Exercise 1.
a The light has a long wire because the …socket… is on the other side of the room.
b My grandfather …………..the house where he used to live when he was a child . It was next to a bridge.
c Remember to ……………….electrical equipment before you go away on holiday.
d The answers to the questions were quite………………., so I think I did well in the test.
e Be careful not to……………… that socket. You're using it for too many things.
f The ................. of the students in our class come to school by bus. Only two come by train.
g We keep a ……………….. in our kitchen just in case there’s a fire.
3 Choose the correct verbs to complete these sentences.
a Omar came up with / came out a good suggestion for what to get Nabil as a birthday present.
b A new novel I want to read comes round / comes out next week.
c The best authors are always very good at coming round / coming up with new ideas.
d Do you know when the new James Bond _lm is coming round / coming out?
e Mona came round / came up with slowly after the accident, but she’s _ne now.
f My brother has come round / come up with some useful suggestions to help me revise for my exams.
1 Choose the correct word or phrase to complete these conversations.
a A Could I borrow a pen, please?
  B No, I’m sorry. You still have a pen of mine that you borrowed last week.
  A Go on. / Don’t let us down. I’ll give it back.
  B OK, but I want it back today before you go home this afternoon.
b A I can’t come out this evening. I’m revising for the maths test tomorrow.
  B I know you must / Surely the most sensible thing would be to have a break.
  A No, sorry. There’s a lot for me to revise.
c AYasser’s hurt his leg, so we need another player for the football team. Are you free this weekend?
  B Yes, I’m free, but I don’t want to play football.
  A Come round, / Come on, Omar. You’ll enjoy it.
  B No, I don’t like football.
  A You’re not going to let us down,/just for me, are you?
  B Sorry, I really don’t want to.
A Just go on,/this once, please.
2 Write what you would say in each of the following situations.
a You want to watch a television documentary that starts in ten minutes, but your brother/sister is watching a nature programme which does not end for half an hour. Your brother/sister suggests that you watch the programme when it is repeated. Persuade him/her to change programmes.
b You would like to go to the park with your friend. You invite your friend, but he / she would prefer to go to the museum. Persuade him/her to go to the park.
c You ask your uncle if he can drive you to the station to catch a train. Your uncle says he does not have much time. Persuade him to take you.
3 Write a notice that could be put on the wall of a kitchen to remind people of the dangers of fire. And write a list of simple instructions to help prevent a fire starting.
On writing
a Before you write, think about the language of notices.
Notices usually have a list of points, often separated by bullet points علامة تنقيط.
They also use short sentences that are easy and quick to read.
You can use capital letters and exclamation marks (!) for very important information.
b Write your notice in your copybook. Make sure that you include some of the ideas above.

Translate into English
1- Young people need to understand their problems fully before suggesting solutions.
2- Employers want people who think flexibly because these people will know how to cope when there are problems and are happy to face challenges.
3- Modern inventions can be used positively or negatively. For example, the mobile phone can be used to save a man's life in an emergency or it can be used to show off or chat.
4- Some people think that money is the root of all evils, but others think the opposite. There things which can't be bought with money, like live or happiness.
5- Running is an available sport for everyone. It can be done almost everywhere and you don’t have to spend a lot of money to do it.
Translate into Arabic
1- تجبرنا الإعلانات على شراء أشياء غير ضرورية.
2- تستطيع الحكومة حل مشكلات الازدحام المروري بإنشاء كباري علوية.
3- للاختراعات الحديثة الكثير من المميزات كما أن لها بعض العيوب.
4- الحياة بدون أصدقاء لا تعنى شيء وتصبح مملة.
5- إن فرص الاستثمار في مصر تفوق مثيلاتها في دول أخرى.


عن الكاتب

m r

التعليقات



⚠️ متنساش تعملنا "لايك " عشان تتابع كل جديد بننشره ⚠️



اتصل بنا

إذا أعجبك محتوى مدونتنا نتمنى البقاء على تواصل دائم ، فقط قم بإدخال بريدك الإلكتروني للإشتراك في بريد المدونة السريع ليصلك جديد المدونة أولاً بأول ، كما يمكنك إرسال رساله بالضغط على الزر المجاور ...

جميع الحقوق محفوظة

موقع اي بوك التعليمي