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unit 15 الصف الثاني الثانوي لغة انجليزية ترم ثاني2018

الخط
unit15






digital
رقمــــــي
interests
اهتمامات
annoyed
متضايق
media
وسائل الإعلام
details
تفاصيل
calm
هــــادئ
join
ينضم - يلتحق بـ
-
focus on
يركــــز علي
personality
شخصيــــة
discussion
مناقشــــــة
theatre
مســــرح
care about
يعتني بـ - يهتم بـ
group
مجموعة
thunder
الرعـــــد
devices
أجهــــزة
rules
قواعد
bring back
يُعِيــــــــد
immediate
فــــــوري
subject
موضوع
channel
قنـــــــــاة
effort
جهد - مجهود
actually
فعلا - حقا
replace
يستبــــدل
respond
يرد - يجيب
polite
مهذب
download
يحمـــــل
abbreviate
يختصر
rude
وقــــح
conversation
محادثــــة
abbreviation
اختصار
rudeness
وقاحــــــة
text message
رسالة نصية
hold
يمسك
advertise
يعلن عن
online
عبر الانترنت
ladder
سلم خشبي
advertisement
إعــــلان
popular
شعبي - محبوب
get to
يصل إلي
members
أعضــــــاء
chat to
يدردش مع
light
مصباح كهربي
contact
يتصل
virtual
افتراضي
make sure
يتأكد
type
يطبــــع
allow
يسمــــح
express
يعبر عن
message
رسالـــــة
researcher
باحـــــث
warn
يحذر
public
عــــــــام
addicted to
مدمن - مهووس بـ
warning
تحذير
upset
يحبط - مُحْبَط
nervous
عصبي - متوتر
dirty
قــــذر
stick to
يلزم - يلتزم بـ
irritable
سريع الغضب
beach
بــــلاج
own : possess
يمتلك
store
يخـــــزن
waves
أمـــــواج
owner
صاحب - مالك
cassette player
مشغل الكاسيت
remote
نائي - بعيد
exclude
يستبعد - يُبعد
method
طريقــــة
desert area
منطقـــة صحراويــة
anyway
علي أي حال
traditional
تقليـــــدي
face
يواجــــه
instructions
تعليمات
confident
واثــــــق
rely on
يعتمــــد علي
keyboard
لوحة المفاتيح
confidence
الثقــــة
wires
أســـلاك
difference
اختلاف - فارق
feel lonely
يشعر بالوحدة
branch
فـــــــرع
light wind
رياح خفيفة
belong to
يخص - ينتمي إلي
pavement
رصيــــف
behave
يتصرف
belonging
الانتمــــاء
hole
حفــــــرة
behaviour
تصرف - سلوك
college
كليــــــة
fall over
يسقط - يقع
terrible
رهيب
personal
شخصــــي
rescue
ينقــــذ
awful
فظيع
annoy : bother
يضايق
injured
مصاب - مجروح
particular
معين - محدد
annoying
مزعــــج
compare
يقــــارن

Definitions
exclude
stop someone going to a place or taking part in something
يستبعد - يُبعد
more or less
about, approximately
تقريبا
rule
an instruction that says what you can and can’t do
قاعدة
stick to
not change what you are doing, or what you have decided to do
يلزم - يلتزم بـ
type
write using a keyboard
يطبــــع
unpleasant
describes something that causes unhappiness or discomfort
غير سار
cassette player
a machine that plays music on a cassette
مشغل الكاسيت
chat
talk in a friendly way
يدردش
DVD
a digital video disc that can store enough information to play a film
قرص رقمي
video
a tape of a film or television programme
فيديــــو
download
moving information from one computer to another via the internet
يحمـــــل
disadvantages
bad points
عيـــوب
irritable
easily annoyed or angry
سريع الغضب
lose touch with
no longer speaking or writing to someone
يفقد الاتصال بـ
virtual
not real, only produced on a computer
افتراضي
Expressions

online discussion group
مجموعة نقاش علي النت
social networking sites
مواقع التواصل الاجتماعي
via the internet
عبْر الانترنت
make new friends
يكون صداقات جديدة
It doesn’t matter
لا يهــــــم
There is no doubt
مما لا شك فيه
be rude to
وقــــح مع
keep in touch with
يكون علي اتصال بـ
be unpleasant to
غير ســــار - غير مفرح
be in contact with
يكون علي اتصال بـ
break the rules
يخالف القوانين
stay in contact with
يكون علي اتصال بـ
change his mind
يغير رأيه
lose touch with
يفقد الاتصال بـ
for the benefit of
لصالـــــح
be addicted to
مدمن - مهووس بـ
It's not too late
لا زالت الفرصة سانحة
relaxing holiday
أجازة للاستجمام
for the good of
لصالـــــح
Watch out! : Be careful!
احترس
DVD player
مشغل الأقراص الرقمية
Mind you don’t......
احذر ألا......

Derivatives
Verb
Noun
Adjective
differ
يختلـــــف
difference
اختــــلاف
different
مختلــــف
relax
يستــــرخي
relaxation
استرخاء
relaxing
مريح للأعصاب
exclude
يستبعد
exclusion
استبعاد - إقصاء
exclusive
حصــــري
addict
يدمن
addiction
إدمــــــان
addicted to
مدمن - مهووس بـ
endanger
يُعرض للخطــــر
danger
الخطــــر
dangerous
خطيــــر
please
يسعد - يسر
pleasure
سرور - سعادة
pleasant
ســــار
Antonyms

Word
Antonym
sell
يبيع
buy
يشتري
exclude
استبعد
include
يشمل - يضُم
more or less
تقريبا
exactly
بالضبط
unpleasant
غير سار
pleasant
سار - مُفْرِح
public
عامة
private
خاص
polite
مهذب
rude
وقـــــح
comfort
راحة
discomfort
مضايقة - عدم ارتياح
happiness
سعادة
unhappiness
حزن - تعاسة
virtual
افتراضي
real
حقيقي
advantage
ميزة - أفضلية
disadvantage
عيب


1- ABBREVIATIONS                                                                                        الاختصـــــــــــــارات
  - DVD            : digital video disc : digital versatile disc           قرص رقمي متعدد الاستعمالات
  - PC                       : personal computer                                                                  جهاز كمبيوتر شخصي            
  - CD                            : compact disc                                                                                                   قــــــــرص مضغـــــوط           
  - www              : world wide web                                                                                                  شبكـــــة الانترنــــــت            
  - IT                       : Information Technology                                                                   تكنولوجيا المعلومات
  - ID                       : Identification                                                                              بطاقـــــة الهويـــــــــة
  - BCE            : before the common era                                                                  قبل الميـــــــــــــــلاد
  - CE                      : Common Era                                                                              بعد الميـــــــــــــــلاد           
  - BC                       : before Christ                                                                  قبل الميـــــــــــــــلاد
  - AD                      : Anno Domini                                                                  بعد الميـــــــــــــــلاد
2- site موقع علي الانترنت                                                                               - This site has been online for six years.
  site                      موقع عمل / بناء                                  - The construction site had a lot of construction tools.
3- probably           من المحتمــــــــــل                               - If it snows, I will probably go skiing.           
  properly            كمــــــا ينبغـــــي                                  - The machine seems to be working properly.
4- contact           يتصل بــ                              - You should contact your doctor if you get a fever.           
  connect           يوصـــــل                                  - Is this computer connected? I need to check my email.
  connect                      يربـــــط                                 - The Internet connects people all over the world.
5- message                    رسالــــة                              - I can't believe how many messages I get in my email.
  massage                      يدليك                                  - He needed a massage after all of this stress.
6- more or less : about : approximately : roughly                                                       تقريبــــــــــا
7- channel                    قنـــــاة                               - I saw the news on Channel Five.
  channel : waterway            مجري مائي           - The river flows through two channels to the sea.           
  canal : waterway            مجري مائي           - The Suez Canal connects two seas.           
8- device                       جهاز - آلــــة                      - This device sweeps the floors by itself
  advice                      نصيحــــــــة                       - My parents are always trying to give me advice.                      
  devise                     يبتكـــــــــر                    - The prisoner devised an escape plan.


Giving warnings
- Be careful! .............            احتــــرس            - Be careful, that branch is going to break!
- Dont do that or.........            لا تفعل هذا و إلا...           - Don't do that or the teacher will be angry.
- If I were you, I wouldnt لو أنا مكانك , لن.....            - If I were you, I wouldnt swim in this deep water.
- Make sure you are not تأكد أنك لا ........            - Make sure you are not late for work.
- Mind you dont                        احذر أن           - Mind you don’t drop your phone and break it.
- Watch out!                                  احتــــرس           - Watch out! That man’s going to cross the road.
1
Boy 1: Watch out!                                                       Boy 2: What did you say?
Boy 1: Be careful!                                                       Boy 2: What’s the matter?
Boy 1: That car was going really fast!                      Boy 2: It’s OK, I wasn’t going to cross.
2
Man 1: Can you help me a minute please?
Man 2: Of course, what do you want me to do?
Man 1: Can you hold this ladder so that I can get to the light?
Man 2: What are you doing?
Man 1: I’m trying to mend the light. It’s not working.
Man 2: Mind you don’t touch those wires!
3
Girl 1: Is there anything I should remember about joining an online discussion group?
Girl 2: Well, there are lots of things.
Girl 1: What’s the most important thing?
Girl 2: Make sure you are not rude to other group members.
Girl 1: Is there anything else?
Girl 2: Well, if I were you, I wouldn’t express strong opinions to start with.


1- Why do you think that discussion group members should not try to sell things to each other?
- Because discussion groups are not for businesses; they are only for people with particular interests.
2- Why do you think that they should keep their messages brief مختصر?
- Because people are usually interested in the main ideas others have, not in the details. If everyone wrote very long posts, nobody would have time to read them all.
3- Why do you think that people should always stick to the subject?
- Discussion groups are focused on one subject; they are not general conversation groups.
4- Why is it important that discussion group members do not break the rules?
- Discussion groups are run for the benefit of members. The rules are there for the good of everyone. If someone breaks the rules, the whole group is affected.
5- How did young people listen to music 20 years ago?
- They listened to cassettes.
6- How is television different from in the past?
- There are now more channels.
7- What has replaced videos?
- DVDs have replaced videos.
8- What can happen to people’s real friends today?
- People lose touch with them.
9- How do some people feel if they cannot use their mobile phones?
- They become nervous and irritable.
10- What are the two main dangers of new technology?
- People can lose touch with their friends and become addicted to their devices.
11- How are the friends that people make on social networking sites different from “real” friends?
When you make friends on social networking sites, you only find out what they want you to know about them. People can make up personalities for themselves, make themselves seem better than they really are, etc. Real friends are more likely to care about you and to want to help you.
12- Why do you think that modern methods of communication like email and mobile phones have become so popular? In what ways are they better than letters and traditional telephones?
- They are quicker, more immediate and take less effort than letters or phone calls. They are also often cheaper.
13- What are the disadvantages of these methods of communication?
- People can spend too much time on them; people can get annoyed if friends don’t respond immediately.
14- Do you think that more people will become addicted to mobile phones and computers?
- Yes, Since they are so attractive that people can't do without them.
15- What other things can people become addicted to?
- They can become addicted to sugar or fizzy drinks, coffee, playing computer games, etc.

conditional (If)                    إذا / لـــــــــو الشرطيـــــة
1) Zero Conditional:                                                       الحالـــــــــــة الصفريـــــة
IF ........... present simple .................... , ............. present simple ..............
- تستخدم الحلة الصفريــــة للتعبير عن شرط مؤكـــــــــــد حدوثه (مع الحقائق الثابتة)
- If you heat the water to 100 degrees, it boils.
- When you heat ice, it melts.                                 - If you put oil in water, it floats.
- كما تستخدم للتعبير عن شرط محتمـــــل حدوثه (مع العادات التي نتحدث عنها بشكل عام)
- If I drink coffee, I get a headache.                       - If I wake up early, I go jogging.
- If Bassem eats eggs, he always gets sick.
- If I can’t sleep, I listen to the radio. (it is often true that I can’t sleep, so I listen to the radio)
- يمكن أن نستخدم (When) بدلا من (If) في الحالــــة الصفريــــة.
- If / When I feel tired, I go to bed early.                             - When it is warm, I go for a walk every day.
- Where do you go if / when you are on holiday?
2) First Conditional:                                                                                     الحالـــــــــــة الأولــــــــــي
If .... present simple .... ,.... will / can / may / must / should + infinitive.....
- تستخدم الحلة الأولــــــــي للتعبير عن شرط محتمــــــل حدوثه في المضارع أو المستقبل (تنبؤ - وعد - تهديد)
- If she studies well, she’ll get a place at Oxford.                                                       (prediction)
- If you cook dinner tonight, I will do the dishes.                                                                        (promise)
- If you do that one more time, I won’t let you go to the party tomorrow night!               (warning)
- يمكن أن تستخدم المضارع التام بدلا من المضارع البسيط في الحالة الأولي
- If you have finished your meal, I'll clear away the plates.
- يمكن أن يكون جواب الشرط في الحالة الأولي جملة أمريــــة أو طلب مهذب.
- If you see Majed, tell him to call me.              - If the child cries, don't give him any money.
- If you have money , could you lend me some, please?
- الروابط الآتيــــة تستخدم بدلا من (If) في الحالة الأولي.
Provided that / Provided / Providing / As long as / So long as
- Provided that If you send your order by fax, we will deliver the goods immediately.
- As long as you invite me for lunch, I will help you with your homework.
- تُحذف (If) في الحالة الأولي و نبدأ بالفعل (Should).
- If he has enough time, he will watch the football match.
- Should he have enough time, he will watch the football match.
First vs. Zero Conditional
The first conditional describes a particular situation, whereas the zero conditional describes what
happens in general.
- تستخدم الحالة الأولي مع المواقف المحددة أما الحالة الأولي فتستخدم لوصف ما يحدث بشكل عـــــــــام
- If plants don't get water, they die.                                          (We talk about plants in general)
- If you don't water these plants, they will die.           (We predict what will happen to certain plants)
- If I feel ill, I see a doctor.                                                        ( This is what I usually do)
- If I feel ill today, I will see a doctor.                      (This is what may happen only today)
- If you sit in the sun, you get burned
(Here: We are talking about every time a person sits in the sun)
But:
- If you sit in the sun, you'll get burned.
(Here: I'm talking about what will happen today, another day might be different)
3) Second Conditional:                                                                                     الحالـــــــــــة الثانيـــــة
If ......... past simple......... , ....... would / might / could + infinitive........
- تستخدم الحلة الثانيـــــة للتعبير عن شرط مستبعد أو مستحيل حدوثه في المضارع أو المستقبل (الشرط مناقــــــض للواقع)
- If I won a million pounds, I would stop teaching.                                  (improbable غير محتمل )
- If I had wings, I would fly.                                  ( I don't have wings and I won't fly)
- If he were taller, hed be good at basketball.            (We do not believe that he will be taller.)
- تُحذف (If) في الحالة الثانيــــة و نبدأ بالفعل (Should) مثل الحالة الأولي و نستخدم الفعل الأساسي في المصدر.
- If it snowed tomorrow, we would go skiing.
- Should it snow tomorrow, we would go skiing.
- تُحذف (If) في الحالة الثانيــــة و نبدأ بالفعل (Were) و نحول الفعل الأساسي إلي (مصدر + to ).
- Were he to come tomorrow we could borrow his car.
- تُحذف (If) في الحالة الثانيــــة و نبدأ بالفعل (Were) إذا كان موجودا في الجملة.
- If I were a millionaire, I would buy a castle.
- Were I a millionaire, I would buy a castle.
First vs. Second Conditional
- تستخدم الحالة الأولي مع المواقف المحتملة / المتوقعة الحدوث أما الحالة الثانية فتستخدم لوصف المواقف المناقضة للواقع
- In winter: If it rain tomorrow, I will not go to work.             (حالة أولي : الحدث محتمل)                      
- In summer: If it rain tomorrow, I will not go to work. (حالة ثانية : الحدث مستبعد)
- If she studies harder, she'll pass the exam
(I think it's possible she will study harder and so she'll pass)
- If she studied harder, she would pass the exam
(I think that she won't study harder, or it's very unlikely, and so she won't pass)
Zero vs. Second Conditional
- تستخدم الحلة الصفريــــة للتعبير عن الواقع أما الحالة الثانيـــــة فتعير عن عكس الواقع.
(عكـــــــــــس الحقيقــــــــــــــــــــة خيـــــــــــــــــــــــــال = حالـــــــة ثانيــــــــــــــة)
- If you boil an egg, it becomes solid.                            فرض واقعــــــــي
- If I were a bird, I would fly.                                                                                         فرض خيالــــــي
- If you heat ice, it melts.                                                                                 فرض واقعــــــــي           
- Without air, living things would die.                                                                                     فرض خيالــــــي
4) Third Conditional:                                                                                    الحالـــــــــــة الثالثـــــــــة         
 If ......... past simple......., would / might / could + pp.........
- I would have spoken more quietly if I had known you were asleep.
- تستخدم الحالة الثالثــــة للتعبير عن شرط مستحيل حدوثه في الماضي (تخيل لعكس ما تم في الماضي)
- If we had not been late, we would have seen the tennis match.
(We were late, so we did not see the tennis match.)
- If you had seen him you could have spoken to him.                             
(You did not see him so you could not speak to him.)
- تُحذف (If) في الحالة الثالثـــة و نبدأ بالفعل (Had).
- If you had invited me, I might have come.           - Had you invited me, I might have come.            
- if he had been careful, He wouldn't have had that terrible accident
- Had he been careful, He wouldn't have had that terrible accident.
Second vs. Third Conditional
- تعبر الثالثــــة عن شرط مستحيل حدوثه لأنه قد تم عكسه في الماضي و لكن الحالة الثانية تعبر عن شرط مستحيل حدوثه في المضارع أو المستقبل علي الرغم أن شكل الأزمنة ماضي.
- If I were the president, I would lower taxes.              (I am not the president.)
- I would go on vacation if I had money now.             (I don’t have enough money now.)
- I would have gone on vacation if my company had given me the time off. 
(They didn’t have the time off.)
- If I had met her, I would have told her the news. (Unfortunately, I didn't meet her.)
- Tom would have helped us if he had known we were there.
(Tom didn't know we were there, and so he didn't help us.)
ملحوظات هامــــــة علي جمل الشــــــــــرط
* If           + .... not....                                       =           Unless                                                    إذا لـــــم
- If I hadn't played badly, I would have won.            - Unless I had played badly, I would have won.
- If it doesn't rains, we will go to the beach party.
- Unless it rains, we will go to the beach party.
* If           + .... جملة مثبتة....                                    =           In case of + V.ing /n.           في حالــة
- If you planned things properly, you wouldn’t get into a mess.
- In case of planning things properly, you wouldn’t get into a mess.
* If           + .... جملة منفية....                                    =           But for لـــولا / Without بدون + V.ing /n.          
- If we don't hurry up, we will be late for the show.
- But for hurrying up, we will be late for the show.
- Unless you had suggested it, I wouldn't have phoned him.
- Without suggesting it, I wouldn't have phoned him.
* If           + .... جملة منفية (حالـــة ثانية)....                         =           If it weren't for لـــولا + V.ing /n.                    
- If you didn't wear a warm jacket, You would feel cold
- If it weren't for wearing a warm jacket, You would feel cold
* If           + .... جملة منفية (حالـــة ثالثــة)....                         =           If it hadn't been for لـــولا + V.ing /n.                    
- If I hadn't missed the bus, I wouldn't have been late for the test.
- If it hadn't been for missing the bus, I wouldn't have been late for the test.
لاحظ الفارق بين حالات الشرط في الأمثلــــة التاليـــــة
             Mother: “Mona, I want to make a cake this afternoon. Will you help me?”
             Mona: “If I have time, I’ll help you.”           

            Mother: “Mona, I am going to make the cake now. Can you help me?”
             Mona: “If I had time, I’d help you. But I have to do my homework.”
               
             Mother: “Now I’ve made the cake myself. Why didn’t you help me?”
             Mona: “If I’d had time, I would have helped you. But I had to do my homework.”            
UNIT 15                              Digital media                           ( workbook )
1 Answer these questions.
a If you said that two things were more or less the same, would there be a big difference or a small difference between them?
There would be small difference between them.
b If you heard a sound that was unpleasant, would you like it or not like it?
c If you were excluded from a place, what could you not do?
d What might you use to type an email?
e If you stick to an idea, do you change your mind or continue to think the same?
2 Match the opposites.
a sell                                                                       1 …….. exactly
b exclude                                                         2 …a… buy
c more or less                                           3 …….. include
d unpleasant                                                         4 …….. private
e polite                                                         5 …….. pleasant
f public                                                         6 …….. rude
3 Complete these sentences with words from Exercise 2.
a At the meeting, they decided to …sell… the factory to a company from Cairo.
b Children should always be……………… to other people, especially older people.
c The weather was very ………………….yesterday. There was a light wind and it wasn't too hot.
d People shouldn't make too much noise in ……………………places.
e Schools sometimes ………………… pupils who behave very badly.
f Terrible and awful have …………………. the same meaning.
4 Use your dictionary to find out if these words have a hard (H) or soft (S) th sound.
a theatre (……)            b thunder (……)           c with (……)                      d truth (……)                      e then (……)
5 Write a short paragraph about the rules for online discussion groups.
1 Find the mistake in each of the following sentences, then write it correctly.
(One sentence is correct.)
a If I have a headache, I'd drink a cup of tea. It always makes me feel better.
If I have a headache, I drink a cup of tea. It always makes me feel better.
b I would come home earlier if I'd known you were worried.
c If you work hard for the next week, I'm sure you'd pass your exam.
d If Imad knew his friend had no money with him today, he'd have bought him some lunch.
e If Omar passed his driving test, he'd start saving for a car.
f Nawal will be at school tomorrow if she felt better.
2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of these verbs.
ask                             finish                       get                       help                       run                       watch
a Hussein would have finished reading his book if he hadn't fallen asleep.
b If you don't……………….. , you' ll miss your train.
c If Mona……………………. someone the way, she would have known where to go.
d If you need anything from the shop, I ………………….it for you.
e Ali ……………………….the news if he wanted to know what was happening in the world.
f Nabila always ……………………..her mother if she has too much to do.
3 Complete these sentences with your own ideas.
a If I feel tired, I usually …………………………………………………………………………………
b If it isn't too hot next weekend, ………………………………………………………………………
c If I wanted a relaxing holiday, ………………………………………………………………………..
d If I hadn't arrived at school on time this morning, ………………………………………………….
4 Finish this story using some conditional sentences.
If I saw a man take my friend's phone, …………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
1 Choose the correct words to complete the sentences.
1 A DVD is something you ………………
b listen to                             b watch                                          c wear                                           d play with
2 If you are addicted to something, you …………………….
a don't like doing it               b have always done it              c can't stop doing it                             d want to try it
3 If you chat with someone, you ………………….
a talk to them               b eat with them                            c live with them                             d make them sad
4 The disadvantages of something are its................. .
a good points            b interesting points                      c things you don’t know            d bad points
5 People download pictures and music from …………………….
a a shop                             b the internet                                           c a camera                                           d their friends
6 People used to listen to music on ………………….
a emails                             b cassette players                             c channels                                           d text messages
7 An irritable person ……………….
a is always patient               b gets annoyed easily               c is always calm                             d is good at sport
8 If you lose touch with someone, you ………………
a don't speak or write to them                                           b forget about them
c are in regular contact with them                                          d don't know them
2 Rewrite the abbreviations in brackets in their full forms.
My friend's father is an a (IT) …Information Technology… expert and has two b (PCs) ……………………….….. . He can watch c (DVDs) ……………….…………………and listen to d (CDs) ………………….…………. on his computer:. He often downloads information from the e (www) …………………….……….
3 Write about two advantages and two disadvantages to social networking sites.
Advantages
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Disadvantages
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
1 Complete the sentences with expressions that give warnings.
careful                             mind                             make                             watch                       were
a A Shall we cross the road now?
B Yes, but …watch… out I There's a car coming towards us!
b A Is it ok if I borrow your camera?
  B Yes, that's fine, but …………………sure you don't drop it.
c A If I ………………..you, I wouldn't go that way. The traffic's terrible.
  B Thanks for warning me.
d A Be……………………. ! That water's very hot l
  B Thanks for telling me
e A This pavement is full of holes.
  B Yes, it is, so ……………………you don't fall over.
2 Write what you would say in each of the following situations.
a Your uncle is driving you home. It's late at night and he's very tired. Suddenly a man starts to cross the road in front of the car.
b You and a friend are playing tennis. Your friend is talking on the phone while he/she is playing and you think he/she may drop the phone and break it.
c One of your friends is climbing a tree to rescue a bird that is injured. You think that the part of the tree which your friend is standing on is going to break.
3 Write an email to a friend, telling him/her about the information you researched about mobile phones.
Focus on writing
a Before you write, think carefully about how you can organise your email.
• Make sure you compare and contrast the advantages and the possible disadvantages of using mobile phones and warn your friend about any possible problems.
• Think about how you can you order the compare and contrast paragraphs. Do you want to describe all the good points, then all the bad points? Or do you want to compare and contrast the good points and bad points together?
b Write your email in your copybook. Make sure that you include some warnings and compare and contrast the good and bad points.

* Translate into English:
1- Chatting to other people on social networking sites helps to give young people confidence.
2- You can communicate with friends and members of your family who do not live near you.
3- Young people who feel lonely can find new friends online who share their interests and their problems.
4- Belonging to a social networking site is important as more and more organisations, like schools and colleges, use them to contact their students.
5- When you make friends on social networking sites, you only find out what they want you to know about them. Real friends are more likely to care about you and to want to help you.
* Translate into English:
1- يحذر الأطباء الناس من التدخين إذ أنه السبب في كثير من ألأمراض
2- تبذل الحكومة أقصى جهدها لتمكننا من مجابهه ارتفاع تكاليف المعيشة
3- يتسلم الكتاب والعلماء جوائز قيمه كل عام في حفل كبير.
4- لقد أثبت الأطباء أن من لا يدخنون مطلقا يعيشون حياه أطول.
5- يعتبر نهــــــــــــر النيل مصدرا للرخاء لشعبي مصر والسودان.
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