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الوحدة الثانية عشر لغة انجليزية للصف الثاني الثانوي unit12 ومراجعة على الوحدات 10 و11 و12

الخط

unit 12

ومراجعة علي الوحده ال10 وال11 وال12






population
السكان
headache
صـــــداع
according to
وفقــــا لــ
health
الصحــــة
reduce
يقـــلل
global warming
الاحتباس الحراري
healthy
صحـــي
climate change
التغير المناخي
move to
ينتقل الي
environment
البيئـــة
increase
يـــــــزداد
movement
حركـــة
environmental
بيئـــي
decrease
يقل - ينخفض
print
يطبع - طباعة
technique
أسلوب - تقنية
affect
يؤثر علي
type : sort
نـــــــــوع
currently
حاليــــا
effect
تأثيــــر
recycle
يعيد تصنيع
disease
مــــرض
rapid
سريـــع
recycling
اعادة تصنيع
diabetes
داء السكري
trend
ميل - اتجاه - نزعة
desert areas
مناطق صحراوية
diabetic
مصاب بالسكر
growing
متزايد
low areas
مناطق منخفضة
medical
طبــــي
almost: nearly
تقريبـــا
climate
المنــــــــاخ
condition

حالـــــة
most
معظـــــم
employ
يوظف - يعيـــن
heart disease
مرض القلب
planet
كوكــــب
employment
توظيف - تشغيل
arthritis
التهاب المفاصل
recognise
يتعرف علي
worry
يقلق - القلق
operate (on)
يجري عملية لــ
unrecognisable
لا يمكن التعرف عليه
worried
قَلِــــق
operation
عمليــــة
gradually
تدريجيا
worrying
مُقلــــــق
cell
خليـــــــــة
ice
ثلج - جليد
reassure
يطمئن
tissue
نسيــــج
North Pole
القطب الشمالي
reassuring
مطمئــن
progress
يتقدم - تقدم
South Pole
القطب الجنوبي
upset
يحبط - مُحبَط
mend
يصلــــــح
melt
يذوب - ينصهر
upsetting
مزعــــــــج
repair
يصلــــــح
serious
جاد - خطير
suppose
يفترض - يعتقد
bring
يجلب - يُحْضِر
flood
فيضان
bird flu
أنفلونزا الطيور
pain
ألــــم
produce
ينتـــــج
spread
ينتشر - ينشر
painful
مؤلــــــــم
production
إنتــــــــاج
describe
يصف
swell
يتورم - ورم
import
يستـــــورد
course
دورة دراسية
swollen
متــــــورم
export
يصـــدر
interview
مقابلة شخصية
joints
مفاصــــل
hostile
معادي - عدائي
object
شــــيء
cure
يعالج - علاج
hostility
عداوة - خصومة
bright
لامع - مشرق
curable
يمكن علاجه
around : about
حوالي - تقريبا
bright side
الجانب الايجابي
blood
الــــدم
unpleasant
مزعج - كريه
daily life
الحياة اليومية
bleed
ينزف
come true
يتحقق
nervous
عصبي - متوتر
remove
يزيـــل
defend
يدافع عن
relax
يسترخي
improve
يتحســــن
defence
دفاع
relaxation
استرخاء
completely
تمامــــا
protect
يحمي - يقي
fail
يفشـــل
knee
ركبـــــة
protection
حِمايَة - وقاية
failure
الفشـــل
Definitions
arthritis
a disease that causes pain and swelling in the joints of your body
التهاب المفاصل
cell
the smallest unit of a living body
خليـــــــــة
diabetes
a disease in which there is too much sugar in your blood
داء السكري
mend
repair something that is broken or damaged
يصلــــــح
cure
make an illness better
يعالج
operate (on)
cut open someone's body in order to remove or repair a part that is damaged
يجري عملية لــ
progress
to move forward, develop or improve
يتقدم
tissue
what plant and animal cells are made of
نسيــــج
disease
an illness or serious medical condition
مــــرض
decrease
to become less
يقل - ينخفض
hostile
describes something or someone who very unpleasant, unfriendly and / or aggressive
معادي -عدائي
rapid
done or happening very quickly
سريـــع
trend
the way a situation is developing or changing
ميل - اتجاه - نزعة
planet
a very large round object in space that moves around the sun
كوكــــب
unrecognisable
changed so much that it seems completely different
لا يمكن التعرف عليه
North / South Pole
the most southerly/ northerly part of the world
القطب الشمالي / الجنوبي
flood defences
 protection against floods for towns and buildings
حواجز الفيضانات
Expressions
work on a disease
يحاول أن يعالج مرضا
be crippled with arthritis
يعاني من التهاب المفاصل
work on a treatment for
يحاول أن يطور علاجا لــ
break a promise
يخلف وعده
keep fit and healthy
يحافظ علي لياقته و صحته
keep a promise
يفي بوعـــده
find a cure for
cure for more diseases
يجد علاجا لـ
health problems
مشاكل صحيـــــة
look into the future
يدرس المستقبل
get warmer
يصبح أكثر حرارة
doing research into
into
يجري بحثا عن
making predictions
يتنبـــــــأ
research teams
فرق البحــــث
There’s no point in worrying
لا داعــــي لـــ
make progress in
in
يحقق تقدما في
take turns
يتناوب الأدوار
in the not-too-distant future
future
في المستقبل القريب
drop out of school
ينقطع عن الدراسة

Derivatives
Verb
Noun
Adjective
predict
يتنبأ
prediction
التنبؤ
predictable
متوقــــع
treat
يعالج
treatment

عـــــــلاج
treatable

يمكن علاجـــه
damage
يتلـــف
damage
تلف
damaged
تالف
develop
يطـــور
development
تطور
developed
متطور
grow
ينمو - يزداد
growth
نمو - زيادة
growing
متزايد - نامي
recognise
يتعرف علي
recognition
اعتراف - تقدير
recognisable
يمكن التعرف عليه

Antonyms
Word
Antonym
rare
نـــادر
common
شائــــع
curable
يمكن علاجه
incurable
لا يمكن علاجه - مزمن
increase
يـــــــزداد
decrease
يقل - ينخفض
healthy
صحـــي
unhealthy
غير صحي
progress
يتقدم
regress
يتراجع - يتدهور
rapid
سريــــع
slow
بطـــــيء
production
إنتــــــاج
consumption
استهلاك
pleasant
سار - ممتع
unpleasant
مزعج - كريه
flood
فيضان
drought
جفاف



1- cure a disease = treat a disease                                                                             يعالج المرض
- If we cure a disease, it means the patient no longer has the disease.
- Sleeping for an hour or two always cures his headaches.
  manage a disease                                                                                                    يسيطر علي المرض
- If we manage a disease, it means the patient still has the disease, but we give them medicine to reduce its effects
2- hostile                        عدائي - عدواني            - We didn't expect such a hostile reaction to our ideas.
  hostel                                                                             سكن - بيت الطلبة            - We stayed in hostels when we travelled in Europe.
3- melt                                  يذوب - ينصهر            - The ice melted when the sun came out.
  dissolve                       يذوب - يذيب في سائل           - The powder dissolves readily in cold water.
4- tissue                             منديل ورقي - نسيــــج           - The doctor said there was some damage to the tissue.           
  issue            قضية - مسألة - مشكلة           - Today's issue is how to overcome terrorism.
5- joints                                  مفاصـــــــــل           - He injured a finger joint when he tried to catch the ball.           
  join                       يلتحــــــــق بـ - ينضم إلي           - We are going to out. Would you like to join us?
6- cure                        يعالج - علاج            - care                      عناية - رعاية           - care for            يعتني بـ
7- pole                                             قطــــــــــــــب           - The Earth has two poles.           
  pale                                                        شاحــــــــب            - He had lost a lot of blood and was very pale.                      
8- climate                                          منــــــــــاخ            - Some areas in Egypt have a mild معتدل climate.
  weather                                  طقس            - The weather is nice today.
9- ( -able )                                                                                                  - لاحقـــــــــــــــــة لتكوين الصفة من الفعل
  recognise                                                    يتعرف علي                                          recognisable                                           يمكن التعرف عليه
  break                                                    يكسر                                           breakable                                          هش - قابل للكسر
  admire                                                    يعجب بـ                                          admirable                                          مثير للإعجاب - رائع
  accept                                                    يقبـــــــل                                          acceptable                                           مقبول
  read                                                    يقـــــــرأ                                          readable                                           مقروء - يمكن قراءته
  move يحرك - يتحرك                                           movable                                          غير ثابت - متحرّك - متنقل
10- (Un-)                                                                                                   * بادئة تعطي معني النفي
  recognisable                                           يمكن التعرف عليه                                          unrecognisable                                           لا يمكن التعرف عليه
  believable                                           مُقنِع - واقعي                                          unbelievable                                           غير معقول - لا يُصَدق
  readable مقروء - يمكن قراءته                                           unreadable غير مقروء - لا يمكن قراءته
  drinkable                                           صالح للشرب                                          undrinkable                                           غير صالح للشرب
11- recognise (v) = know someone because you have seen them before                                                                                   يتعرف علـــي
- The witness recognized the thief.
realise : understand clearly            يدرك                      - I hope he realizes his mistake soon.
12- climate change : greenhouse effect: (global warming) الاحتباس الحراري : ارتفاع درجة حرارة الأرض
  - Scientists believe that climate change may be responsible for more storms.
13- southerly           : towards the southجنوبي - نحو الجنوب - They were travelling in the southerly direction.
  southerly : coming from the south           قادم من الجنوب - The southerly wind was strong.
  southern : in the south                      في الجنوب من مكان ما
  - There are some great beaches in southern England = in the north of England.
  northerly : towards the north شمالي - نحو الشمال - They were travelling in the northerly direction.
  northerly : coming from the north            قادم من الشمال - The northerly wind was strong.
  northern : in the north of                      في الجنوب من مكان ما
  - Alex is located northern Egypt.= in the north of Egypt.
14- operate (on)             يجري عملية لــ                      - The surgeon is operating on my brother tomorrow.
  operate :                        يشغل - يدير                      - I don't know how to operate this machine.
15- give / cause headache           يسبب صـــــداع                      - Loud music gives me a headache.
16- planet                                  كوكب                      - plant                                                       نيــــات                      
  plane                                  طائرة                       - plan                                                       خطــــة


Saying you are worried
- للتعبير عن القلـــــــــــق نستخدم أحد التعبيرات التالية
- I'm feeling very nervous.                                                                             أشعر بالتوتر الشديد
- I'm afraid that I might…. (fail)…                                                                  ينتابني الخوف فربما ...(أفشل)
- I find it worrying.                                                                                         أجد أن هذا أمرا يدعوا للقلق           
- It worries me.                                                                                         هذا الأمر يدعو للقلــــــق
- That doesn’t stop me from worrying about…..                      هذا لا يمنعني من الشعور بالقلق بشأن......
reassuring
* لكي نطمئن شخص ما , نستخدم أحد التعبيرات التالية
- Don’t worry about it.                                                                                        لا تقلق بهذا الشأن
- I'm sure it'll be fine.                                                                   أنا متأكد أن الأمر سوف يكون علي ما يرام
- There's no point in worrying about it.                                                       لا داعي للقلق بشأن هذا الأمر
- Try and look on the bright side.                                           حاول أن تنظر إلي الجانب الايجابي في هذا الأمر           
- Just relax. Nothing will happen.                                                                       هون عليك , فلن يحدث شيء
Examples:
1 A We're getting the results of our school tests tomorrow.
  B I know I'm feeling very nervous
  A Listen, don’t worry about it I'm sure it'll be fine.
  B That's what everyone says, but I'm afraid that I might fail.
2 A Did you hear about the lion that escaped from the zoo?
  B Yes, but it's a long way from here. There's no point in worrying about it.
  A I know, but lions can move quite fast, can't they?
  B Just relax. Nothing will happen here!
3 A You don't look very happy. What's the matter?
  B I've been listening to a radio programme about climate change and I found it worries me
  A Try and look on the bright side Scientists are doing everything they can to protect us.
4 A Are you all right?
  B My little brother hasn't come home from school yet. It worries me.
  A He's probably playing with his friends.
  B I know, but that doesn’t stop me from worrying about him.


1- Will climate change during the next 100 years be fast or slow?
- It will be fast
2- According to the writer, in which three places will ice be melting in the future?
- The ice will be melting on mountains, at the North Pole and at the South Pole
3- What will happen to people if the areas where they live are flooded?
- They will have to leave their homes.
4- Where will people get their food from?
- People will have to import their food from other places.
5- Why is it possible that the population in some countries will decrease?
- It will be hard to live if the climate is very hostile. People may move to other countries.
6- What other things can scientists and engineers do to reduce the effects of climate change?
- They can develop new types of fuel, plant more trees and find more ways of recycling. They can develop new crops which can grow in desert areas.
7- Are flood defences needed in Egypt? If so, where? What or who would they protect?
- We may need to protect low areas next to the sea. Perhaps we will need to protect the Nile from
flooding too, to protect cities and villages that are near the Nile.
8- Your children might be living in the year 2100. What do you think that their lives will be like?
- I think their life will be more complex with lots of fatal diseases
9- How do you think that the population of the world will change in the future?
- It will probably increase ( to around 10 billion by 2100) , although it may decrease in some countries
10- What effects do you think that climate change will have in the future?
- The earth will get warmer , causing ice to melt and producing floods , and other areas will become desert .
11- Do you think people will be healthier than they are now? Why? Why not?
- They will be healthier. People will know how to look after themselves.
12- Why is it possible that the population in some countries will decrease?
- It will be hard to live if the climate is very hostile. People may move to other countries.
13- What other things can scientists and engineers do to reduce the effects of climate change?
- They can develop new types of fuel, plant more trees and find more ways of recycling. They can develop new crops which can grow in desert areas.
14- Are flood defences needed in Egypt? If so, where? What or who would they protect?
- We may need to protect low areas next to the sea. Perhaps we will need to protect the Nile from
flooding too, to protect cities and villages that are near the Nile.
15- How do you feel about the future of the world?
- In my opinion, the world will suffer from more problems. World temperatures will continue to rise due to increasing pollution.

Future continuous                    المستقبل المستمر

Form :                                            will be + v.ing

- You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
- This time next week, I will be travelling to Cairo.                      - Tonight at 6 PM, I will be eating dinner.
- Don’t ring at 8 o’clock. I’ll be having dinner with my family.
- You'll recognize me when you get there. I'll be wearing jeans and a white t-shirt. I'll be sitting at a table at the corner and reading a newspaper.
- Please, don't come at 9 o'clock. She'll be sleeping at that time.

Use

- يستخدم المستقبل المستمر للتنبؤ بحدث سوف يكون مستمرا في وقت ما أو خلال فترة محددة في المستقبل
- Ill be playing tennis from 7 to 9 p.m.
- The government will be trying to reduce the effects of climate change.
- كما يستخدم المستقبل المستمر للتعبير عن حدث سوف يكون مستمرا عندما يقطعه حدث آخر أو عندما يتم حدث آخر في المستقبل. (تقاطع)
- I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight.
- I will be waiting for you when your bus arrives.
- I am going to be staying at the Madison Hotel, if anything happens and you need to contact me.
- He will be studying at the library tonight, so he will not see Jennifer when she arrives.
- كما يستخدم المستقبل المستمر للتعبير عن حدثين سوف يكونان مستمران معا في نفس الوقت في المستقبل. (توازي)
- At the party tomorrow, Ahmed will be singing while Sarah will be dancing.
I
will be working hard next week while you will be relaxing on the beach.
- يستخدم المستقبل المستمر أيضا عندما نخمن ما يفعله شخص الآن
- Don't call him now, he'll be doing his homework.
- I don't want to disturb them. I'm sure they'll be cleaning their house at the moment.
- لا يستخدم المستقبل المستمر مع الأفعال التي تعبر عن حالـــــــــة.
- Maher will be at my house when you arrive.                                 (Not: will be being)
- After I study, I will know all the answers for the test.                      (Not: will be knowing)
may be + V.ing
• Use may be + v.ing to refer to future events or trends which are possible but not certain:
- يستخدم (may be v.ing) للتعبير عن أحداث محتملــــة الحدوث (أحداث غير مؤكدة) ستكون مستمرة في المستقبـــــل
- Many more people may be moving to Cairo in the next 50 years.
- In 100 years, people may be living in space.
- When shes 21, she may be working in London.
UNIT 12 Population, health and the environment ( workbook )
1 Complete the table
arthritis            cell            diabetes            heart                       heart disease            tissue
               
Parts of the body
heart


Diseases
heart disease


2 Match these words with their meanings.
a arthritis                                           1 ...….. the process of developing or becoming better
b cell                                                         2 ...….. groups of cells that make up animals and plants
c cure                                                         3 ...….. repair something that is broken or damaged.
d diabetes                                           4 ...….. cut open someone's body in order to remove or repair a part that
is damaged
e mend                                          5 …a… a disease which causes pain and makes moving difficult
f operate (on)                             6 ...….. the smallest part of an animal or plant
g progress                                          7 ...….. make an illness better
h tissue                                          8 ...….. a disease in which there is too much sugar in the blood
3 Complete these sentences with the correct form of words from Exercise 2.
a It is now possible to put new ….. cells …. into a patient's body to treat some illnesses.
b Doctors are making…………………. towards successfully treating many common diseases.
c Rami's grandfather finds walking painful because he has……………….. in his knees.
d Doctors sometimes use……………….. made in a laboratory to repair damaged body parts.
e Her uncle has…………….. , so he's taking medicine to control the sugar in his blood.
f We need to............ the hospital equipment that was damaged in the earthquake.
g Sleeping for an hour or two always ………………..his headaches.
h After the road accident, doctors had to…………….. on the driver's leg
1 Make sentences using future continuous verbs.
a Nader is going on holiday. This time tomorrow/he/swim in the sea
Nader is going on holiday. This time tomorrow, he will be swimming in the sea.
b In an hour's time! Warda / travel home on the train.
c This time next week / Hamid/play in a school football match.
d This time next year / Salma/revise for her final exam
e In two years' time / lmad / study English at university
f In 20 years from now / Khaled / run his own business
2 Complete the sentences with the correct
future form of the verbs in brackets.
a In ten years' time, I… I hope I will be working… in a hospital.            (I / hope / work)
b Amira has a job interview tomorrow. I'm sure……………………….           (she / do / well)
c In five years' time,………………………….. with his parents.                       (Ali / probably still / live)
d Next year,………………………………… studying at university.           (Noha / start)
e This time next week,………………………..with his friends                       (Samir / play basketball)
f When I'm 80, I think………………………………                                            (everyone / live / longer)
g Where do you think ………………………….when you're 50?                       (you / work)
1 Can you complete these definitions? Check in your dictionary.
a hostile:                       very…… unfriendly ………
b rapid:                       done or happening very …………………….
c decrease:                       to become ……………………………….
d trend:                       the way a situation is developing or ……………………….
e planet:                       a very large round object in…………………. that moves around a star
f unrecognisable:            changed so much that it seems completely…………………
2 Complete the sentences using the first and last letters of the missing words.
a There are eight p…lanet….s which go round our sun.
b Jungles and deserts can be h……………….. e environments for people to live in.
c There are so many new buildings on the beach that it has become u……………………….. e.
d Global warming is a modern t ………………d that many people are worried about.
e There has been a small d…………… e in the number of people who visited the museum this year
f Small animals often make r………… d movements to escape from their enemies
3 Answer the questions with a word starting un- and/or ending with -able.
a Why should I be careful with that glass?                                          - Because glass is…. breakable…….
b Why can't you read the magazine?                                          - The print is so small, it's ……………
c Why shouldn't people drink water from the river?              - Because it's ……………………….…
d Why do you like to read that magazine?                                          - Because I find it very …………..…...
e Do you believe this news story!                                                        - No, it's so strange that I find it ompletely….
Translate into English
1- Most people feel that their jobs are becoming more and more stressful. They work extremely hard and don’t have enough time to relax, so they look for continuous sunshine on the most luxurious beaches.
2-The main purpose of buildings has always been to protect people from bad weather. In countries with hot and cold seasons, insulated buildings keep out heat and cold. In hot dry area, buildings with thick walls keep out the heat.
3- We can't solve all our problems but we find solutions to some of them. As man finds solutions, he is the one to create problems and overcome them.
4- Scientists have said that we haven’t been the only creatures living on this globe. There are other creatures that come and leave for unknown reasons.
5- Infectious diseases such as cholera are very dangerous. It can spread quickly especially in crowded places.
Translate into Arabic
1- للسياحة آثار سلبية على البيئة، لذا يجب أن نبذل قصارى جهدنا لتجنبها.
2- إن تصميم المباني يختلف من بلد لآخر حسب الظروف المناخية.
3- توجد الآن الكثير من ناطحات السحاب في العالم وكنها بدأت في نيويورك.
4- عندما أذهب إلى الريف أقيم مع أسرتي في منزل بعيد عن القرية.
5- يجب عليك أن تتحلى بالطموح فهو سبيلك للنجاح.





pigeon
حمامــــة
flexible
مـــرن
adapt to
يتكيف مع
whale
حــــوت
flexibility
مرونـــة
employ
موظف
whaling
صيد الحيتان
flexibly
بطريقة مرنة
employee
موظف
chase
يطارد
rapidly
بسرعـــة
employer
صاحب العمل
protect
يحمي
catch a disease
يصاب بمرض
break down
يتعطل
plenty of
كثير من
serious
جاد - خطير
keep calm
يحافظ علي هدوئه
dolphin
دولفين
decrease
يقل - يقلل
option
اختيار
make sure
يتأكد
save
ينقذ
continue
يستمر
compare
يقارن
around
حوالـــي
work for
يعمل لدي
stomach ache
مغـــص
determined
عازم - مصمم
transport
ينقل - النقل
cough
سعال
determination
عزيمة - إصرار
frightened
خائف - مرعوب
vaccination
تلقيـــح
cure
يعالج
challenge
يتحدي- تحدي
smallpox
مرض الجدري
cope with
يواكب - يساير
go wrong
يتعطل
blind
أعمـــي
keep up with
يواكب - يساير
advantage
ميـــزة
organisation
منظمـــة
the rest
الباقــي
efficiently
بكفاءة
spread
ينشر - ينتشر
prepare
يعد - يجهز
face
يواجــــه


Definitions
cure
make an illness better
يعالج
decrease
became less, or made less
يقل - يقلل
determined
wanting to do something very much
عازم - مصمم
diseases
illnesses
أمراض
rapidly
very quickly
بسرعـــة
serious
bad or worrying
جاد - خطير
cope
deal with something successfully
يواكب - يساير
employee
someone who is paid to work for someone else
موظف
employer
a person or company that pays people to work for them
صاحب العمل
face
have to accept or deal with a bad situation or problem
يواجـــه
flexible
able to change or be changed easily
مـــرن
option
something that you can choose to do
اختيار



1- Why do you think that they made a film of Moby Dick on Madeira in 1956?
- Because people used to go whaling from the island at this time.
2- Why do you think that there are not many whales around the island today?
- Many of the whales were probably killed before the island was protected.
3- What problems may there be if too many people go on holiday to watch animals like whales?
- If there are too many people, they may frighten the animals. Pollution from the boats may hurt the whales, too.
4- What happened to 35% of people who caught smallpox before 1980? - They died of the disease.
5- Why didn’t people catch the disease after 1980? - WHO had stopped the disease.
6- Why is it harder to stop some diseases than it was to stop smallpox?
- They can be caught more than once; they are harder to see.
7- How many children have vaccinations that stop them catching diseases today? - 80%
8- How many children’s lives has this saved? - It has saved around three million children.
9- In what kind of a world may we be living in the future?
- We may be living in a world without serious diseases.
10- How do you know how much protein, fat etc. is in food when you buy it?
- You can sometimes see this information on a label.
11- How many different jobs did people usually use to have in their lives?
- They probably had one.
12- When do people need to think flexibly? - You need to think flexibly when your plans go wrong.
13- Why is it useful to be flexible at school? - Because then you can keep calm when things go wrong and not stop doing something because it is difficult. You are not frightened of new challenges.
14- Why do many employers want people who think flexibly - Because these people will know how to cope when there are problems and are happy to face challenges.
Revision D
1 Finish the following dialogue:
Dalia and Amany are at the shops
Dalia                       : Shopping makes me hungry. Oh, lookl 1) …………………………….
Amany           : You're right, the sweets aren't expensive.
Dalia                       : I think I'll buy some.
Amany           : 2) …………………………………………………..………………………?
Dalia                       : Yes, I know they are bad for me, but I like them.
Amany           : I'm worried that you will become ill if you eat lots of sweets.
Dalia                      : 3) ………………………………………. I won't eat too many. Let's look in the
bookshop I'm sure you'd love the new Detective Jones book.
Amany           : 4) ……………………………………………………………………………
Dalia                      : You like exciting stories.
Amany           : I enjoyed his last story. 5) …………………………………………………?
Dalia                      : You’ll probably finish it right away.
Amany           : You're right, I'm sure I won't put it down!
2 Write what you would say in each of the following situations:
1 You read in the news about bird flu. You are worried that it will come to Egypt.
2 There is a very good new museum near your school. You want to recommend it to a friend.
3 Tell your younger brother/sister that it is good to drink lots of milk because it contains protein.
4 A friend asks you where you will be living in ten years. You think that you will live in Cairo, but
  you are not sure..
3 Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:
1 Zeinab ............. Mona that London was the biggest city in England.
a said                                           b told                                                         c explained                                           d promised
2 Ibrahim said that he was going to see the new film about space the............... week.
a last                                           b this                                                         c following                                           d before
3 The river was very full because it.................. for a week.
a rain                                           b rains                                           c been raining                             d had been raining
4 Before my father worked for the bank, he ............ as a manager at a supermarket.
a works                             b is working                                           c had worked                             d have been
5 Next year, my older brother................. medicine at university.
a will be studying               b be studying                             c studying                                           d studies
6 It’s possible that my cousin Riham won’t come to the family party next week because she.......... working at the hospital.
a may                                           b be                                                         c may be                                           d had been
7 The fire grew quickly because it...................... for many months.
a did not rained               b had not rained                             c was not raining                             d is not raining
8 The farmers said that they.................. organic fertilizers in the following year.
a will use                             b use                                                         c would use                                           d had used
9 The smallest parts of your body are called ................ .
a cellars                             b caves                                           c cells                                                         d centimetres
10 The man was very ill so the doctors decided to.............. on him.
a celebrate                             b operate                                           c cooperate                                           d organise
11 The boat stopped at the island and all the tourists went................ .
a ashamed                             b attached                                           c confused                                           d ashore
12 Africa and Europe are two of the world’s.............. .
a oceans                             b continents                                           c countries                                           d planets
13 If you eat that fish you might be very ill. It is............. .
a poisonous                             b organic                                           c modified                                           d genetic
14 The farmer put all the old grass in a field where he knew it would........... .
a root                                           b rot                                                         c rubbish                                           d fertile
15 The number of visitors to the museum ................... from 5 million to 2 million.
a increased                             b modified                                           c reduced                                           d decreased
16 Leila works very hard at school because she is ............... to go to a good university.
a determined                             b developed                                           c distracted                                           d disliked
4 Find and correct the mistakes in the following sentences:
1 Some people don't like to eat food that has been genetically operated.            (……………….)
2 The influenza of this cake include fruit and eggs.                                             (……………….)
3 Don’t jump into the river or you might down.                                                        (……………….)
4 Sami’s text message said that he has arrived safely.                                             (……………….)
5 We became ill because the vegetables have been washed in dirty water.            (……………….)
6 I asked Doaa what she had been doing yesterday.                                             (……………….)
5 Read the following passage, then answer the questions:
The world is a big place, isn't it? But how many people can live on it? It is believed that before the second century CE, the population of the world was below 300 million. The population grew slowly. It took 1,600 years before the population doubled to 600 million. By the middle of the eighteenth century, it had become 800 million. Then, the population started to grow more quickly. In the year 2000, the population was eight times the amount it had been in 1750, at more than 7 billion. Today, it is about 7.5 billion.
What about the future? It is thought that the population will be growing even faster in the next 100 years. Ten billion people may be living on our planet in the year 2100. However, the population of some countries is going down. There will probably be enough space for everybody, but you r grandchildren will be living on an even busier planet than the one we live on today.
1 How many people live in the world today?
2 When did the population of the world start to grow more quickly?
3 Why do you think that the population will be growing faster in the future?
4 Do you think that there will be enough space for everybody in the future? Why / Why not?
5 What do you think the word doubled means?                                 a got smaller
b became three times as big               c became two times as big              d stayed the same
6 The main idea of the text is that the world's population will continue to grow.........
a but some countries will decrease                                           b and there will be 10 billion people                             
c but it grew slowly in the past                                           d but the world will be different than today
6 Answer only THREE (3) of the following questions:
1 How do you think climate change will affect food production?
2 What do you think will happen if the world becomes much warmer?
3 Do you think you think Ahab in Moby Dick was right to want to kill Moby Dick? Why / Why not?
4 Why do you think that the crew of the Pequod wanted to help Ahab?
5 Do you think that more of our food should be genetically modified? Why / Why not?
7 Answer the following questions:
1 What saved Gulliver when the baby dropped him?
2 How do we know that Glumdalclitch was a kind girl?
3 Why did the farmer decide to take Gulliver to the market?
4 Why do you think that the farmer stopped people going too close to Gulliver?
5 Do you think that the farmer was a greedy man? Why / Why not!
"After a few weeks, I had lost a lot of weight and felt ill and tired. The farmer saw that I looked like a skeleton and was worried I would die."
6 Why did Gulliver feel tired and ill?                            7 Why did the farmer not want Gulliver to die?
8 What happened to Gulliver after this?
8 Write a paragraph of about ONE HUNDRED (100) words on ONE (1) of the following:
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