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unit14 الصف الثاني الثانوي لغة انجليزية ترم ثاني 2018

الخط
 الوحدة 14




civilization
حضــــــــــارة
struggle
يكافــــــــح
cruel
قــــــــــــاس
battle
معركــــــــــة
relationship
علاقـــــــة
cruelty
قســــــوة
fortunately
لحسن الحظ
tolerant
متسامـــــح
gun
بندقية
oppose
يعــــــــــارض
crime
جريمـــــة
run away
يهــــــــــــرب
adviser
مستشار
criminal
مجــــــرم
escape
يهــــــــــــرب
treasure
كنــــــــــز
journey
رحلــــــــــــة
violent
عنيف
poet
شاعــــــــــر
busy
مشغــــــــــــول
violence
عنــــف
poetry
شعــــــر
collect
يجمــــــــــــع
oasis
واحــــــــــــة
best-seller
الكتاب الأكثر مبيعا
explain
يشــــــــــــرح
oases
واحــات
reform
إصلاح / يصلح
explanation
شرح / تفسير
objectives
أهــــــــــــداف
almost
تقريبا
system
نظــــــــــام
unknown
مجهول / غير معروف
eventually
في النهاية
effective
فعال / مؤثر
critical thinking
تفكير نقدي
go missing
يصبح مفقود
fair
عادل / معرض
partner
شريــــــك
trap
يحتجز- فـــخ
climate change
تغير في الطقس
website
موقع على الانترنت
explorer
مستكشف
rescue
ينقــــــــــــذ
bookshop
مكتبة لبيع الكتب
behave
يتصرف / يسلك
position
وضــــــــــــع
society
مجتمــــــــــــع
behaviour
سلوك
musician
موسيقار
well-organized
جيد التنظيم
adventurer
شخص مغامر
environmental
بيئــــــــــــي
a play
مسرحيــــــــــــة
hunter
صائد (حيوانات )
exploration
استكشاف
educational
تعليمــــــــــــي
across the desert
عبر الصحراء
global society
مجتمع عالمي
civil war
حرب أهلية
hidden
مخفـــــــــي
mysterious
غامض
oil company
شركة بترول
valley
وادي
strangely
بشكل غريب
popularity
شهرة / شيوع
soldiers
جنــــــــــود
power
قــــــــــــوة
abroad
خارج البلاد
army
جيــــــــــش
powerful
قــــــــــــوى
university
جامعــــــــــــة
capture
يأســــــــــر
force
قوة يجبـــر
servant
خــــــــــــادم
mine
منجــــــــــم
armed forces
قوات مسلحة
ceremonies
مراســــــم
diamond
مــــــــــاس
challenge
تحدى - يتحدي
wedding
زفــــــاف
diamond mine
منجم ماس
faraway
بعيدا
fine music
موسيقي راقية
modernize
يحدث / يطور
kind to
عطوف على
faithful
وفي / مخلص

Definitions
bestseller
a book that a lot of people have bought.
الكتاب الأكثر مبيعا
explorer
someone who travels to places that no one has visited before
مستكشف - رحالة
poet
someone who writes poems.
شاعـــــر
adviser
someone whose job is to give advice about a subject
مستشار
almost
nearly but not completely
تقريبا
army
a large organisation of soldiers
جيـــــش
battle
a violent fight between two groups
معركـــــة
eventually
after a long time
أخيرا في النهاية
fortunately
describes something happening that it is good
لحسن الحظ
go missing
to become lost
يضل الطريق- يتوه
oppose
to disagree with something and try to stop it
يعـــــــــارض
force
a natural power
قـــــــــوة
oasis
a place in the desert where there is water and plants grow
واحـــــــة
strange
unusual, surprising or difficult to understand
غريــــب
reform
a change to how we do things to make it fairer or more effective
إصــــــلاح
Keen on
be enthusiastic about something
متحمــــس لـــ
trap
 catch someone or something
يحتجـــــز

Expressions

die of thirst
يموت من العطش
rich in
غنى بـ
catch up with
يساير / يواكب
keep up with
يساير / يواكب
move from ... to
يتحرك من ... إلى ...
get out of
يخرج من
say goodbye to
يودع
aware of
واعي لــــــ
stop at an oasis
يتوقف في واحة
live in isolation
يعيش فى عزلة
make pollution
يسبب تلوث
make him rich
يثريه / يجعله غنيا
opposition to
معارضة لـ
on their way to
فى طريقهم الى
collect money for
يجمع المال من أجل
make a meal
يصنع وجبة
have a bath
يأخذ حمام
die of thirst
يموت من العطش
Derivatives
Verb
Noun
Adjective
civilize
يهذب
civilization
حضارة
civilized
متحضر
oppose
يعارض
opposition
معارضة
opposing
معارض - منافس
trap
يحتجز ـ يحاصر
trap
فخ / مصيدة
trapped
محتجز
advise
ينصح
advice
نصيحة
advisable
مستحسن
explore
يستكشف
explorer
مستكشف - رحالة
.............
Antonyms
Word
Antonym
alive
حي
dead
ميت
powerful
قوى
powerless
لا حول له و لا حيلة
well-organised
جيد التنظيم
badly-organised
سيئ التنظيم
effective
مؤثر / فعال
ineffective
غير مؤثر / غير فعال
hidden
مخفي
seen
مرئي
oppose
يعارض
support
يؤيد
strange
غريب
familiar
مألوف
trap
يحتجز
set free
يطلق سراح
servant
خادم
master
سيد
fortunately
لحسن الحظ
unfortunately
لسوء الحظ


1- advise                        ينصح            - The doctor advised him to take time off work.
  advice                        نصيحة            - The doctor gave him advice to take time off work.
2- desert صحراء                      - They were lost in the desert for nine days.
  desert يهجر                       - He deserted his wife and family for another woman.
  dessert تحليه            - Would you like ice cream for dessert?
3- wonder : ask oneselfيتساءل                       - I wondered if I would be invited to the party.
  wander : walk aimlessly يتجول                       - We wandered about the city square ميدان chatting
4- search يفتش                        - When the police caught the thief, they searched him.
  search for                       يبحث عن                       - Police are searching for a tall woman in a white coat.
5- spend + مدة زمنية + v.ing: يقضى                       - He used to spend his free time playing football.
6- be keen on + v.ingمغرم بـ            - He isn’t very keen on going to the cinema.
7- intend to + inf. ينوي                       - Martina intends to buy a new mobile.
8- manage to + مصدر يتمكن من                       - He managed to climb the mountain.
  succeed in + v.ing ينجح في                       - He succeeded in climbing the mountain.
9- most = very جداً                       - I'm most interested in languages.
  almost = nearly تقريباً            - I have almost finished. = I have nearly finished
- لاحظ أنه مع الكلمات الدالة علي النفي نستخدم عادة almost
- Almost nobody was there.                                                        - He eats almost nothing.
10- reform إصلاح ( نظام ـ مؤسسة )                                                               - Our country needs economic reforms.
  repair إصلاح ـ ترميم ( شيء أو مبنى)                                                               - The building is in need of repair
11- fail + (n.)يرسب ـ يفشل في                                                                - He failed the exam.
  fail + (to + inf.) يرسب ـ يفشل في                                                               - He failed to do the job.
12- go missing = get lost                                                                          - If we don’t have a map, we will go missing / get lost
13- problem of + (اسم المشكلة)                                                                          - The problem of housing must be solved.
  problem with + (شخص / شيء به المشكلة)                                                               - He has some problem with her heart.
14- mine                                  منجــــــــم            - The diamond mine was controlled by the government.
  mine                                  كنـــــــــــز            - The website was a mine of information.
  mine                                  لغـــــــــــم            - He was killed as he stepped on a buried mine.
  mine                                  ملكـــــــــي            - Ali's house is big, but mine is bigger.
15- لاحظ كيف نكتب الأسماء المركبة الآتية
One word
Two words
Hyphenated word
bookshop
مكتبة لبيع الكتب
shop assistant
بائع / بائعة
best-seller
الكتاب الأفضل مبيعا
goldmine
منجم ذهب
bus stop
محطة أتوبيس
air-conditioner
مكيف هواء
goalkeeper
حارس مرمي
train station
محطة قطار
co-operation
التعاون
motorbike
دراجة بخارية
adventure story
قصة مغامرات
co-existence
التعايش
playground
ملعب
electrical equipment
معدات كهربية
co-exist
يتعايش
bathroom
حمام
detective story

قصة بوليسية
water-ski

التزلج على الماء


Asking for help                                                                                                    طلب مساعدة
- Please could you help me to ?                                             من فضلك هل من الممكن أن تساعدني في.....؟           
- I wonder if you could help me with ? أتساءل إن كان بإمكانك المساعدة في ..............؟
- I cant (find ). I dont suppose you could help me ?
 لا أستطيع أن أجد ...... لا أعتقد أنك يمكن أن تساعدني في........
- Would it be possible for you to help me ?                                  هل من الممكن أن تساعدني في .......؟           
Agreeing to help someone
- Yes, of course.                                                                                                                                             نعم بالطبع
- Yes, whats the problem?                                                                                         نعم، ما هي المشكلة
- Yes. What would you like me to do?                                                                       نعم. ماذا تود منى أن أفعل
- Id be happy to help.                                                                               يسعدني أن أساعدك           

Examples:
* Write what you would say in each of the following situations.
1- You want your partner to help you to find information about a writer.
- Please could you help me to find information about Shakespeare?
2- You need help with a computer problem.
- I wonder if you could help me with a computer problem?
3- You do not understand some homework that you have to do for tomorrow. Ask a friend to explain it to you.
- Would it be possible for you to help me understand some homework?
4- You have lost your watch. Ask a friend to help you look for it.
- I cant find my watch I dont suppose you could help me find it?

1- What was Sir Henry Curtis’s brother doing in Africa?
- He was looking for King Solomon’s Mines.
2- How did King Twala die?                                             - He was killed in a battle.
3- Where did they find Sir Henry Curtis’s brother?           - They found him at an oasis.
4- Why do you think that Alan Quatermain agreed to help Sir Henry Curtis?
- Because he had a map of the mines and he was an adventurer who liked that sort of challenge.
5- Why do you think that King Twala sent his brother’s wife and son into the desert to die instead of killing them?
- Because he didn’t want to be blamed for their deaths. If he sent them into the desert instead, he could say that he didn’t kill them.
6- How do you think that Umbopa / Ignosi felt about becoming king of his country?
- He was happy to replace the cruel king.
7- What kind of strange behaviour might the soldiers have been afraid of?
- It could have been something that the Englishman did to frighten the soldiers, but it would have been something that was very different from the behaviour in the soldier’s own culture.
8- What does this quotation tell us about the relationship between white people and Africans at this time?
- Neither the white people nor the Africans know much about the others’ culture
9- What can people of different nationalities learn from each other?
- We can learn about different kinds of food, traditions, music, art, language, etc.
10- Why do you think that such stories about strange countries were so popular?
- Because people didn't know much about other countries and cultures.


Prepositions                              حـــــروف الجــــــر
- يأتي بعد حرف الجر اسم أو (V.ing) أو ضمير.
- He is very worried about the exam.                                 - He is very worried about it.
- He thanked me for helping him.                                            - He thanked me for my help.
- إذا لــــم يأتي بعد حرف الجر اسم أو (V.ing) أو ضمير فهو ظرف و ليس حرف جر.
- Go up the hill and tell me what you see.                                 - Prices of her cars have gone up recently.
- He sat in an arm-chair and started to read.                       - Come in, please           
- Put your books on the table before you sit down.                       - Go on, tell me the whole story
- أحيانا يأتي حرف الجر في نهاية الجملـــــــة.
- They are things which mustn’t be spoken about.                       - I know the man you are talking about.
- She refuses to say where she was taken to.                       - Is this what you were thinking of?
- Buy your child things he is interested in.                                 - I have found what you were looking for.
- أحيانا يكون لحرف الجر أكثر من مكان.
- Who did you go to town with?                                             - With whom did you go to town?
- They pulled            the house down.            -They pulled down the house.            - They pulled it down.
1) Prepositions after verbs

- find out about يحصل على معلومات حول
  - Where can I find out about climate change?
- apply for
يتقدم لوظيفة
  - He is going to apply for a job at the university.
- belongs to
يخص - ينتمي الي
  - I think that car belongs to one of our teachers.
- find out
يكتشف
  - When did you find out that you had won the prize?
- died of
يموت بـ
  - A lot of people all over the world died of Spanish flu.
- hear from
يتلقي أخبار من
  - Do you hear from David these days?
- hear of
يسمع عن
  - If I hear of any jobs opening up I will let you know.
- look for
يبحث عن
  - Some people look for news on the internet.
- looking forward to
يتطلــــع الي
  - Im looking forward to going on holiday.
- accuse sb. of
يتهم .... بـ
  - They were accused of breaking into a shop.
- agree with sb. / sth.
يتفق مع
  - I agree with Ali to go to the cinema.
- agree on sth
يتفق علي
  - We agreed on renting the flat for a year.
- apologize to sb. for sth.
يعتذر لــ ...علي...
  - They apologize for being late.
- believe in
يؤمن بـ
  - She doesn't believe in luck.
- blame ... sb. ... for
يلوم .... علي
  - The reporter was blamed for writing bad stories.
- complain about..sth
يشكو من
  - She complains about bullying.
- congratulate sb. on
يهنئ ..... علي
  - I congratulated her on the prize.
- looking forward to
يتطلع الي
  - I'm looking forward to seeing you soon.
- rely on
يعتمد علي
  - He doesn't rely on
- succeed in
ينجح في
  - How then can I succeed in studying chemistry.
- stop sb. from....
يمنع .... من
  - I stopped Andrew from smoking.
- prevent sb. from ...
يمنع .... من
  - How can I prevent Hani from smoking?
- talk about / of
يتحدث عن
  - They often talk about travelling to New Zealand.
- specialize in
يتخصص في
  - The firm specialized in designing websites.
- think about / of
يفكر في
  - Frank thinks of playing chess.
- warn sb. against
يحذر ...... من
  - We warned them against using this computer.
- worry about
يقلق بشأن
  - The patient worries about having an operation.
- depend on
يعتمد علي
  - Success may depend on becoming more patient.
- concentrate on
يركز علي
  - Do you concentrate on reading or writing?
- dream about / of
يحلم بـ
  - Sue dreams of being a famous star.
- insist on
يصر علي
  - The girls insisted on going out with Ali.
- work for
يعمل لدى
  - He works for the National Bank.
2) Prepositions after Adjectives

- brilliant at
ذكي
  - He is brilliant at writing exciting stories.
- good at
جيد
  - He is good at tennis.
- bad at
سيء
  - He is bad at speaking French.
- clever at
ماهر
  - He is clever at football.
- popular with
ذو شعبية
  - Football is popular with a lot of people.
- angry with
غضبان
  - I was angry with him for being late.
- annoyed with
متضايق
  - I was annoyed with him for being late.
- disappointed with sb.
محبط
  - I was disappointed with him for being late.
- disappointed about / at
محبط
  - He is disappointed about seeing the report.
- worried about
قلـــــق
  - She is worried about the exam results.
- excited about
مثار - منفعل
  - He is excited about travelling to Rome.
- happy about
سعيد
  - Are you happy about going to China?
- crazy / mad about
مولــــع بـ
  - She is crazy / mad about cooking.
- glad about
سعيد
  - She is glad about getting married again.
- sorry about / for
آسف علي
  - He's sorry for eating in the lesson.
- proud of
فخـــور
  - Im proud of Ali he does so well at school.
- afraid of
خائف
  - They are afraid of losing the match.
- frightened of
خائف
  - My sister is frightened of ghosts.
- terrified / scared of
مرعوب
  - Hadeer was terrified of the dog.
- fond of
مغـــرم
  - Hannah is fond of going to parties.
- sick of
شاعر بالملل
  - We're sick of sitting around like this.
- tired of
متعب من
  - I'm tired of waiting for you.
- keen on
متحمس
  - He was keen on writing, even as a boy.
- interested in
مهتـــم
  - Id be interested in learning more about music.
- famous / well known for
مشهور
  - Shakespeare was most famous for his plays.
- fed up with
متضايق من
  - I'm fed up with being treated as a child.
Prepositions after Nouns
- popularity with
شعبية لدي
  - This film has popularity with children.
- popularity of
شعبية
  - The popularity of Naguib Mahfouz is worldwide.
- reform of
إصــلاح
  - He helped in the reform of agriculture.
- problem of
مشكلة
  - We are worried about the result of the exam
- cause of
سبب
  - We never discovered the cause of the accident
- hope of
أمــل
  - There's little hope of developing a new medicine.
- advantage of
ميزة
  - What is the advantage of farming over hunting?
- chance of
فرصة
  - There's a chance of catching a cold these days.
- danger of
خطورة
  - Noha is in danger of making a mistake.
- idea of
فكرة
  - I like the idea of setting up a new email account.
- way of
طريقة
  - This is a new way of building a wall.
- difficulty (in)
صعوبة
  - He has difficulty in writing a paragraph.
- interest in
اهتمام
  - There's no interest in writing letters.
- increase in
زيــادة
  - There is an increase in the number crimes.
- answer / solution to
حــل
  - I tried to find an answer to this problem.
- damage to
تلف - خسارة
  - The earthquake caused damage to many houses
- doubt about
شــك
  - He is in doubt about dealing with me.
- reason for : cause of
سبب
  - What was the reason for / cause of the accident?
UNIT 14                King Solomon’s Mines                  ( workbook )
1 Find the words in the puzzle to match the definitions.
a a book that a lot of people have bought …bestseller
b like very much or are interested in……………….
c a change to how we do things to make it fairer..........
d continue without stopping or changing………………..
e someone who travels to places that people have not visited before……………..
2 Complete these sentences with words from Exercise 1.
a Marco Polo was an Italian…… explorer …..who travelled to China.
b The school wants to ................the way that the children study maths.
c I’m not very............ science fiction. I prefer adventure stories.
d The teacher said that tomorrow's lesson will be longer than usual because we will …...doing our project.
e Gulliver’s Travels has been a ................ since it was first written in 1726
3 Write compound nouns with these meanings and mark the main stress. Check in your dictionary to see if the compound noun is written as one word, two words or with a hyphen.
a a shop where you can buy books.                                                                   ….bookshop……           
b a room where you have a bath                                                                                                  ……….…………..
c a mine w here you can find gold                                                                                                  ……….…………..
d a place where you can catch a bus                                                                                    ……….…………..
e a sport when you ski on water                                                                                                  ……….…………..
f equipment that uses electricity                                                                                                  ……….…………..
g an area where school children play during breaks                                                        ……….…………..
h a story about a detective                                                                                                                ……….…………..
1 Choose the correct prepositions to complete the sentences.
1 William Shakespeare is more famous……… for …… his plays than his poems.
a for                                           b by                                                         c from                                                         d of
2 Nobody knows the real reason for the film's popularity ……………….. children.
a with                                           b to                                                         c for                                                         d of
3 Huda loves English, but she's not very good ………………… maths.
a for                                           b at                                                         c by                                                         d with
4 When did Azza find................ that she had won the maths prize?
a from                                           b out                                                         c of                                                         d about
5 That little black car belongs…………….. my uncle.
a to                                           b for                                                         c with                                                         d by
6 I play lots of sports, but I'm not very keen ……………. watching sport on TV
a to                                           b on                                                         c for                                                         d at
7 When Nihal finishes university, she’s going to apply..................... a job abroad.
a to                                           b with                                                         c at                                                         d for
8 In 1918, millions of people all over the world died…………….. Spanish flu.
a of                                           b for                                                         c at                                                         d with
9 You weren't at school yesterday, so how did you find out……………… the homework?
a with                                           b about                                           c from                                                         d of
10 Azza is very interested……………… medicine and wants to be a doctor.
a In                                           b to                                                         c of                                                         d for
2 Find the mistakes in these sentences.                                           (One sentence is correct.)
a My brother was never very good for playing basketball.                                   ……….at………..
b What was the reason for the accident.                                                                                      ……….…………..
c Don't worry for your exam. I'm sure you will pass.                                                          ……….…………..              
d I've lost one of my school books. Can you help me look at it                                           ……….…………..
e Holidays in Egypt are popular for all kinds of tourists.                                                         ……….…………..
f We must find an answer for the problem of climate change.                                            ……….…………..
3 Complete these sentences with your own ideas.
a The main cause of global warming is ………………………………………………………..………..
b Egypt is most famous for ……………………………………………………………………………….
c I'd like to find out more about …….…………………………………………………………………….
d There has been an increase in ………………………………………………………………………...
1 Match these words a-h with their meanings 1-8.
a adviser                                           1 …….. become lost
b almost                                           2 …….. when two armies fight each other in one place
c battle                                           3 …a… someone who gives advice
d eventually                                           4 …….. put someone in a position that they cannot escape from
e fortunately                                           5 …….. after a long time
f go missing                                           6 …….. disagree with/be against
g oppose                                           7 …….. nearly but not completely
h trap                                                         8 …….. happily
2 Complete these sentences with the correct form of the words in Exercise 1.
a After the accident, the man was…trapped… in his car for two hours, but ………….. someone heard him and rescued him.
b I didn't know it was so late. It's………………… three o'clock.
c I think that the man in the local shop is……………….. to the opening of the new supermarket.
d I didn't have much sleep last night, but………………….. I don't have to go to school today.
e The hero of the story I’m reading is an..................... to the King on the economy. He gives him ideas about how to spend the country’s money.
f The crew of a small fishing boat has ………………….. during a storm at sea.
g In November 1942, the German army lost a big……………….. in EI-Alamein, Egypt.
h Ali thought that his new school in England was very................ at first, but he likes it now.
3 Use your dictionary to complete the sentences using the correct form of the word in brackets.
a … Unfortunately… my brother failed his exam, even though he had worked very hard.
(fortunately)
b There is growing ……………in Europe to factories that cause a lot of pollution.           (oppose)
c If you visit Egypt, it is………………… to wear a hat if you go out in the sun.                       (advice)
d Our football team beat the………………… team 3 to 1.                                             (oppose)
e We are to ……………..have one of the country's best authors visiting us today.           (fortunately)
1 Write what you would say in each of the following situations.
a A friend tells you about King Solomon's Mines. Say that you did not know the book before last week.                                 I'd never heard of the book before last week.
b You are making the family meal. You would like some help from your sister. What do you say?
c You have missed school because you were ill. You would like some help from your teacher. What do you say!
d A friend asks if you can help him or her with a computer problem. You are happy to help, but you want to know what the problem is. What do you say!
2 Make notes to plan a reply to the email in the Student's Book.
• Paragraph 1 Say how you are and what you have been doing recently
• Paragraph 2 Ask which charity your friend is going to collect money for.
• Paragraph 3 Tell your friend that you would be happy to help, but you are only free in the morning
• Paragraph 4 Ask your friend to email soon to say whether your offer will help.

Translate into Arabic:
1- The main cause of global warming is the use of cars and the pollution from factories.
2- Egypt is most famous for its beautiful Pyramids and ancient cities.
3- Studying culture of other countries enables us to learn about their different kinds of food, traditions, music, art, language, etc
4- Exercise is a good way to get rid of the stress and frustration of the workplace. Consequently, people who exercise regularly feel better and do not get sick so often.
5- There has been an increase in the number of tourists visiting our city in recent years.
Translate into English:
1- تختلف حفلات الزفاف بلد إلي آخــــــر.
2- إن الخيال العلمي عادة ما يكون محاولة جادة للكتابة عن الحياة في المستقبل.
3- نفخر بأن التعليم هو المشروع القومي الأول في مصر
4- أحب الذهاب إلى الأبرا للاستمتاع بالموسيقى الراقية
5- يجب أن تستخدم التكنولوجيا الحديثة في جميع مجالات الحياة.
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