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unit17 الصف الثاني الثانوي لغة انجليزية ترم ثاني


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 unit17 ..


grow up
ينمو - يكبر
keep calm
يهــــدأ
disappointed
مُحبَط
develop
ينمو - يتطور
stable
مستقر - ثابت
crowds
عامة الناس
jungle
أدغال
blame
يلوم - لوم
foe : enemy
خِصم - عدو
forest
غابــــة
trust
يثق - ثقـــة
count on
يعتمد علي
author
مؤلـــف
self-trust
الثقة بالنفس
amount
كميــــة
adults
الكبــــــار
doubt
يشك - شك
appearance
المظهـــر
poem
قصيــــدة
doubtful
مشكوك فيه - مريب
deal with
يتعامل مع
develop
يطــــــور
wise
حكيــــم
remain
يظل - يبقي
editor
محــــرر
wisdom
الحكمــــة
castle
قلعــــة
local
محلــــي
confidence
الثقـــــة
sensible
عاقل - راشد
international
دولــــي
reform
يُصْلِح - إصلاح
consider
يعتبــِــر
countryside
الريــــف
hate
يكــــره
result
نتيجــــة
inspire
يلهـــــم
hatred
كراهيــــة
morals
الأخـــــلاق
inspiring
مثير - ملهِم
hateful
كريــــه
principles
المبادئ
forgive
يسامح
patient
صبور
tolerate
يتحمــــل
forgiveness
سماح - غفران
humble
متواضع
fruitful work
عمل مثمر
forgiving
متسامح - غفور
thoughts
أفكــــــــار
ordinary
عادي
unforgiving
قاسي - لا يرحم
triumph
انتصار
verse
فقرة شعرية
tolerant
متسامح
disaster
كارثــــة
rhyme
قافيـــــة
worth
قيمة - ثمن
impostor
محتال - نصاب
imaginative
واسع الخيال - مبدع
worthless
عديم القيمة
realistic
واقعي
understanding
متفاهـــم
achieve
يحقق - ينجز
act
يتصرف
humility

التواضع
achievement
انجــــاز
truth
الحقيقـــة
courage
شجاعـــة
brave
شجــــاع
twist
يحرف - يلوي
manhood
الرجولة
bear
يتحمل
trap
فخ - يحتجز
hold on to
يتمسك بـ
behavior
تصرف - سلوك
swindler
محتال - نصاب
human nature
الطبيعة البشرية
moral
أخلاقي
knave
محتال - وغد
folly
حماقــــة
quality
سمة - ميزة
stoop
يحني رأسه - يخضع
negativity
السلبية
virtue
الفضيلـــــة
worn-out
بالي - متهالك
wisdom
الحكمـــــة
perfect
كامل - مثالي
fool
أحمق - ساذج
arrogance
تكبر - غرور
face
يواجـــــــــه
tools
أدوات - وسائل
praise
يمدح - يثني علي
good and evil
الخير و الشر
wicked
شريــــر
guidance
إرشـــــــاد - توجيه
allow
يسمح
deceive
يخدع
resist
يقاوم
allowance
تسامح - تغاضي
give in
يستسلم
trustworthy
جدير بالثقة


Definitions
grow up
develops from being a child to being an adult
ينمو - يكبر
inspiring
making someone want to do or achieve something
ملهـــــم
unforgiving
difficult, not kind
قاسي - لا يرحم
worth
the amount that could be produced in that time
قيمة - ثمن
bear
bravely accept or deal with a painful or difficult situation
يتحمل
keep your head
remain calm in a difficult situation
يحتفظ بهدوئه
lose your head
don’t remain calm in a difficult situation
يفقد هدوءه
(make) allowances for
consider someone’s behavior in a kind way because they have a problem or disadvantage
يلتمس العذر
virtue
a good moral quality that someone has
الفضيلــــة
stoop
bend your body down (affected by failure)
يحني رأسه - يخضع
aim
what you are hoping to achieve
هدف
foe
enemy
عــــدو
impostor
someone who pretends to be someone else
محتال - نصاب
worn-out
damaged because it has been used so much
بالي - متهالك
Expressions

editor in chief
رئيس التحرير
build up : rebuild
يعيد بناء
turn his head
يذهل العقل
make the most of time
يستغل الوقت
can't bear : can't stand
لا يطيـــــق
good and bad
الخير و الشر
make a trap for
ينصب فخا لـ
start over
يبدأ من جديد
lose the common touch
يفقد التفاعل مع عامة الناس
a success : successful
ناجـــــح
keep your head
احتفظ بهدوئك
be a success
يحقق نجاح / شهرة
lose your head
تفقد هدوء أعصابك
associate with ........
يتفاهم / ينسجم مع .......
lose your temper
تفقد هدوء أعصابك
man : human being
إنسان
give way to hating

يفسح المجال للكراهية
lenient : tolerant

متساهل / متسامح / رحيم
deal in: do business

يتاجر في
worn-out tools
طرق باليــــة / أدوات متهالكة
deal with lies : be a liar
يكــــذب
cry over the spilt milk
يبكي علي ما فات
(make) allowances for
يتسامح - يتغاضي عن
count with : deal with

يتعامل مع
warn ...... against / of
يحذر ........ من
lead ....... astray
يخدع - يضلل
Derivatives
Verb
Noun
Adjective
inspire
يلهــــم
inspiration

الهــــــام
inspiring
مثير - ملهِم
grow
ينمــــو
growth
النمـــو
growing
نامي - متزايد
develop
ينمو - يتطور
development
تنميــــة
developing
نامــــي
anger
يُغْضِب - يغيظ
anger
الغضب
angry
غضبــــان
dream
يحلم
dream
حلم
dreamy
حالم - كثير الأحلام
understand
يفهم
understanding
فهم - استيعاب
understanding
متفاهم
imagine
يتخيل
imagination
خيـــــال
imaginative
واسع الخيال - مبدع
calm
يُهدِئْ - يَهْدَأ
calm : calmness
هـــــدوء
calm
هادئ

Antonyms
Word
Antonym
brave
شجــــاع
frightened
خائف
imaginative
واسع الخيال - مبدع
unimaginative
غير مبدع
strong
قـــوي
weak
ضعيف
calm
هادئ
nervous
عصبــــي
kind
عطوف
cruel
قاســــي
mature
ناضج - مكتمل النمو
immature
صبياني - غير ناضج
success
النجــــاح
failure
الفشل
triumph
انتصار
defeat
هزيمــــة
master
سيد
slave
عبد
fortune
الحـــظ
misfortune
سوء الحــظ


1- Compound Adjective
- الصفة المركبــــــــة تتكون من كلمتين أو أكثر.
- I live in an English-speaking country.                                  - He is a well-known writer.
- Look at that hand-made bag! I’ll buy one to my mother.
- نضع شرطـــــة (hyphen) أو أكثر بين أجزاء الصفة المركبــــــــة
- She bought a friendly-looking horse.                             - He lives in a seventeenth-century house.
- الصفة المركبــــــــة تستخدم بدلا من جملة صفـــــة
- Soha has a brother who is three years old.                            - Soha has a three-year-old brother.
- I spent a holiday which lasted for three weeks in Luxor.
- I spent a three-week holiday in Luxor.
- إذا كانت الصفة المركبــــــــة تحتوي علي اسم فيجب أن يكون مفـــــــــــــــرد
- We saw a snake which was two metres long.                            - We saw a two-metre-long snake
- كمـــا تستخدم الصفة المركبــــــــة بدلا من شبـــه جملــــة
- He lives in a house from the seventeenth century.
- He lives in a seventeenth-century house.
- لاحظ إضافة (ed) إلي الصفة المركبـــة إذا كانت تحتوي علي أحد أجزاء الجسم.
- a green-eyed girl                فتاة عينيها خضراء            - a long-haired boy          ولد شعره طويل
- a left-handed boy  
ولد يكتب /أو يستعمل يده الشمال           - a broad-shouldered man رجل عريض المنكبين
2- لاحظ أن الصفات المنتهية بـ ed تصف العاقل و الصفات المنتهية بـ ing تصف غير العاقل عـــــــــــادة.
bored متضجر – شاعر بالملل                                             boring مُمِل
excited مثار                                             exciting مُثير
interested مهتم                                             interesting شيق
terrified مرعوب                                             terrifying مُروع
tired مُتعَب                                            tiring مُتعِب
surprised مندهش                                             surprising مدهِش
inspired                      مُلهَـــــم                                             inspiring                       مُلهِــــــم
- The match was exciting.                                                                       - When I saw the match, I was excited.
- Rana thinks politics is very interesting.                                          - Rana is very interested in politics.
- Jane's job is boring , so Jane is bored
- ويمكن أن تأتى الصفـة المنتهيـة بــ (ing) مـع العاقل إذا كان الشخص هو الذي يسبب هذه الصفة.
- Hani always talks about the same things. He's really boring.


Asking about dreams and ideals            السؤال عن الأحلام و المثل الأعلى
- What would your dream job be?                                            ما الوظيفة التي تحلم بهـــــــــــا؟
- If you could have any job you liked, what would you choose?
إذا كان بإمكانك الحصول علي الوظيفـــــــــة التي تحبهــــــــا , فأيهـــــــــــــا تختــــــــــــــــار؟
- Would you prefer to be (a leader) or (a member of a team)?
هل تفضل أن تكون (قائــــــــدا) أو (أحد الأفراد في فريق)؟
* Answers
- Id choose to be ....                                                                                                        سأختار أن أكون....؟
- My dream job would be .... because.....             وظيفتي التي أحلــــم بهــــــــا هي ......... لأن .......
- Id definitely be ......                                                                                           تحديدا , سوف أكون....
- Id really like to be ......                                                                                           حقــــــا , أود أن أكـــون....
- I could / couldnt be a ...... because .......                                        (لا) يمكن أن أكــــون ..... لأن.....
* Write what you would say in each of the following situations.
a You want to know where your friend would really like to live. What is your question?
Where would your dream house be?
b Your friend asks you whether your dream house would be modern or traditional. What do you answer?
- My dream job would be/I’d really like to work in Cairo, because I love big cities.
c You want to know what type of job your friend would choose. What do you ask?
- Where would your dream house be?/ If you could live in any place you liked,
where would you choose?
d Your friend asks you where your job would be. Say that you would like to work in Cairo.
d Would you prefer to be a doctor or a diplomat?


1- What does the poem say that you should do when people do not trust you?
- You should trust yourself but understand why they might not trust you.
2- Why do you think that the poem says you should not look too good?
- Because people might think you are trying to show them that you are better or more important than them.
3- Why do you think that dreams should not be “your master”?
- Because dreams do not always come true. You sometimes have to change your hopes for the future.
4- Do you think that it is important to be able to talk to all kinds of people in life? Why / Why not?
- Yes, because you can understand things better when you think about many other people’s opinions.
5- What is the message of the poem?
- If you follow the advice, there is nothing that you can’t achieve.
6- The poem “If” was written to inspire a teenager about how to become an adult. Do you find the poem inspiring? Why / Why not?
- I find it inspiring because I can imagine myself following this advice and being more successful in life.
7- What should you do when people don’t trust you ?
- You should trust yourself but understand why they might not trust you.
8- Why do you think that the poem says you shouldn’t look too good ?
- Because people might think you are trying to show them that you are better or more important than them
9- What kind of person does the poem say that you should be ?
-The poem suggests that you should possess be brave , calm , imaginative , kind , strong and understanding.
10- Do you think the advice in the poem is true for people today ?Why ?Why not?
- Yes , because it gives us advice which can help us to enjoy our life without being worried
  or being suspicious . It inspires us to do better in the future.
11- Do you think it is possible to be an ideal person ?Why /Why not?
-Yes , it is possible to be an ideal person. Because man should have all the good qualities which help him to be ideal .

Participle clauses
1) Present participle clause
- هي مجموعة من الكلمات تبدأ بـ (V.ing) و تستخدم بدلا من جملة كاملة مبنية للمعلوم.
- As Sara was walking to town yesterday, she saw two of her friends.
- Walking to town yesterday, Sara saw two of her school friends.
- When she opened the door. she saw all her friends.
- Opening the door, she saw all her friends.
- إذا كانت الجملة منفية نضع (not) قبل الـ (V.ing).
- Because he didn't know the meaning of the word oar, Hatem asked his teacher.
- Not knowing the meaning of the word oar, Hatem asked his teacher.
- She pretended to be ill because she didn't want to go to school.
- Not wanting to go to school, She pretended to be ill because she didn't
- أحيانــــــــــــــــــا يمكن أن نضع هذه العبارات في بداية أو نهاية الجملة.
- He travelled abroad and left his wife alone in Egypt.
- He travelled abroad leaving his wife alone in Egypt.
- Leaving his wife alone in Egypt. He travelled abroad.
- تستخدم هذه العبارات بدلا من جملة كاملة تبدأ بـ (When / While / As)
- When I realised I was going to be late home, I phoned my parents.
- Realising I was going to be late home, I phoned my parents.
- When I saw the accident ahead, I stopped my car. - Seeing an accident ahead, I stopped my car.
- While she was talking to her friend and forgot everything around her.
- Talking to her friend she forgot everything around her.
- As Rami was running down the road, he fell over and hurt his back.
- Running down the road, Rami fell over and hurt his back.
- تستخدم هذه العبارات بدلا من جملة كاملة تبدأ بـ (and)
- Sara looked out of the window and saw two cats fighting.
- Looking out of the window, Sara saw two cats fighting.
- I opened the envelope and I found a lot of money.
- Opening the envelope, I found a lot of money.
- كما تستخدم هذه العبارات أيضا بدلا من جملة كاملة دالة علي السبب تبدأ بـ (because / since / as)
- I travel a lot because I work as a sales rep.           - Working as a sales rep, I get to travel a lot.
- Since Mona had nothing left to do, she went home.
-
Having nothing left to do, Mona went home.
- Lamia took a good book to read as she knew it was going to be a boring journey.
- Taking a good book to read, Lamia knew it was going to be a boring journey.
- Because he was very tall, he became a basketball player.
- Being very tall, he became a basketball player.
- للتوكيـــد علي فكرة التتابــــــــع بين حدثين في الماضي يمكن اختصار جملة الماضي التام بتحويلها الي بـ (Having + pp)
- After he had spent ten years in Italy, he could speak Italian fluently.
- Having spent ten years in Italy, he could speak Italian fluently.- Because Tom had attended this course before, he knew what to expect.
- Having attended this course before, Tom knew what to expect.
- تستخدم هذه العبارات أيضا بدلا من جملة صفة تبدأ بضمير وصل مستخدم بدلا من فاعل.
- The man who is driving the car is a friend of mine.
- The man driving the car is a friend of mine.
- في هذه الحالة نحذف ضمير الوصل و نجعل الفعل الأساسي (V.ing).
- Lorries that come over the bridge have to be careful of the wind.
- Lorries coming over the bridge have to be careful of the wind.
- أو نحذف ضمير الوصل مع وضع العبارة التي تبدأ بـ (V.ing) في بداية الجملـــــة.
- The boy who carried a very heavy bag asked me for help.
- The boy carrying a very heavy bag asked me for help.
- Carrying a very heavy bag. the boy asked me for help.
- إذا كان ضمير الوصل بدلا من فاعل ومسبوق رقم ترتيبي الوصل و نجعل الفعل الأساسي (to + inf ).
- Ali is the first boy that arrives at school.            - Ali is the first boy to arrive at school.
- ملحوظــــــــــــــــة هامــــــــــــــــــة جـــــــــــــــدا : لكي نبدأ بعبارة أولها (V.ing) يجب أن يكون الفاعل في الجملتين واحــــــد
- I heard the phone ring and I picked it up.
- Hearing the phone ring, I picked it up.
- - و لكن لاحظ الأمثلة التاليـــــــة.
- Waiting for John, I made some tea.
- Waiting for John, the kettle boiled.            (This would suggest that the kettle was waiting for John!)
- Pushing the button, the lift moved up to the third floor.
(This would mean that the lift pushed the button.) 
2) Past participle clause
- هي مجموعة من الكلمات تبدأ بـ (تصريف ثالث) و تستخدم بدلا من جملة كاملة مبنية للمجهول.
- Food is sold in this supermarket and it is of a very high quality.
- Food which is sold in this supermarket is of the highest quality.
- Food sold in this supermarket is of the highest quality.
- إذا كانت الجملة التي تبدأ بضمير الوصل مبنية للمجهول نحذف ضمير الوصل و (be) و نترك التصريف الثالث بعد الاسم كصفـــــة.
- She only eats cakes that are made by her mother.              - She only eats cakes made by her mother.
- We read the e-mail that had been sent by the manager.
- We read the e-mail sent by the manager.
- أو نضع العبارة التي تبدأ بالتصريف الثالث في بداية الجملة إذا كان الفاعل في الجملتين واحد.
They were shocked by the tragedy and didn’t know what to say.
- Shocked by the tragedy, they didn’t know what to say.
- نستخدم العبارات التي تبدأ بــ (V.ing) أو ( تصريف ثالث ) لكي يكون هناك تنوع في تراكيب اللغة الانجليزية.
- The girl who was injured in the accident was taken to hospital.
- The girl injured in the accident was taken to hospital.
- Injured in the accident, The girl was taken to hospital.
UNIT 17                      Rudyard Kipling: "If"                ( workbook )
1 Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d
1 It takes about seventeen years for an elephant to……………. .
a grow up                       b grow down                                 c grow in                                 d grow off
2 We all wanted to climb a mountain after the mountaineer's talk because it was very ……….. .
a invention                             b motivation                                          c inspiring                                           d modified
3 Life in the desert can be very……………. . It is often extremely hot and dry.
a unrecognisable               b understanding                             c upset                                           d unforgiving
4 Each year, the teacher puts a year's …………….. of paper in the classroom cupboard.
a value                             b useful                                           c worth                                           d view
2 Choose the correct words.
a I thought today's lesson was inspired / inspiring I really want to find out more.
b The weather in some countries in the north of Europe is very unforgiven / unforgiving in winter. It can be cold and dark for months.
c It was very difficult climbing the mountain. We felt exhausted / exhausting when we returned home.
d This book is very bored / boring. I don't think I'll finish it.
e Soha didn't want to watch the film about dinosaurs because she easily gets frightened / frightening
3 Use your dictionary to complete the sentences, using the correct form of the word in brackets.
a A …. grown up …. is another word for an adult.                                             (grow up)
b Young people often take a lot of …………….from watching athletes in the Olympic Games.
(inspire)
c Leila is a very ………………. person. She is never unhappy with people for very long
(unforgiving)
d We took the ancient coin to the museum, but they told us it is………………… , so we didn't
keep it.                                                                                                               (worth)
4 Complete these sentences with commas, then say them to your partner.
a We have studied the past present and future tenses.
b There are tests in maths English history and Arabic in the summer.
c In England you can get sun rain wind and snow all on the same day.
1 Complete these sentences with the correct form of these verbs.
arrive                             check                       discover            go            hear                       hit                       leave                       miss
read                             see                             use                             write
a …Checking… his diary, Mr Karmi …discovered…. that he had three meetings the following week.
b ………….at the station at 12 .30, Tarek…………… the train home by just three minutes.
c Rami ……………my address in her notebook…………….. the pen I had lent her.
d ……………..the road at a corner, the car ………………..a tree and stopped
e Sawsan’s grandfather often……………… to sleep in the garden…………………. the newspaper.
f ……………… a loud noise, they looked up and ……………….. hundreds of small birds.
2 Rewrite these sentences starting with a participle clause.
a When I saw the bus, I ran to the bus stop.
Seeing the bus, I ran to the bus stop.
b Sara looked out of the window and saw two cats _ghting.
c Hany needed to know what the homework was, so he phoned a friend and asked him.
d When Ali arrived at school this morning, he found that he had left his pen at home.
e Lamia took a good book to read as she knew it was a long, boring journey.
3 Complete these sentences with your own ideas.
a Writing my name at the top of my work, I gave it to the teacher
b Turning on my computer, …………………………………………………………………………………
c Picking up her pen, ………………………………………………………………………………………..
d Driving into town, ………………………………………………………………………………………….
e Playing football on the beach, ……………………………………………………………………………
f Closing my bedroom door,…………………………………………………………………………………
1 Complete the sentences with these words
aim                bear              foes               impostor               make allowance for               virtue                worn-out
a You all have an hour for the test, but I will …make allowance for …. Tarek because he has been ill.
He has an hour and a half.
b The book is a thousand pages long. If you can ……………….. read it until the end, you will realise it is quite interesting.
c I'm reading a book about a man who says he is the King, but people soon realise that he is an
………………….. who looks like the King.
d The……………….. of this lesson is to practise some of the new vocabulary
e It is a ……………………… to be kind to people.
f The King said that the people who lived in the castle used to be his ……………….. , but now
they were his friends
g The old man tried to repair the car, but he only had ............ tools which did not work very well.
2 Match the opposites.
a brave                                           1 …….. weak
b calm                                           2 …a… frightened
c imaginative                                           3 …….. nervous
d kind                                                         4 …….. cruel
e strong                                           5 …….. unimaginative
3 Rewrite the following sentences using an adjective with a hyphen.
a We saw a snake which was one metre long.
We saw a one-metre-long snake.
b Soha has a brother who is three years old.
c He lives in a house from the seventeenth century.
d There was a wind that was thirty kilometres an hour.
1 Write what you would say in each of the following situations.
You want to know what type of job your friend would choose. What do you ask?
What would your dream job be?
b Your friend asks you where your ideal job would be. Say that you would like to work in Cairo.
c You want to know where your friend would really like to live. What is your question?
d You want to know if your friend would choose to be a doctor or a diplomat
2 Read these two descriptions. Which one is easier to read? Why?
1 William Shakespeare is famous for his amazing plays: King Lear, Macbeth, Hamlet and many more. However, he was also a brilliant poet who wrote more than 150 poems. He was extremely imaginative and he often changed nouns into verbs or even invented new words. Many of these are now used in English every day, including the words blanket, generous, lonely and mountaineer.
2 Shakespeare is famous because he wrote a lot of plays King Lear Macbeth Hamlet and many more. He also wrote about 150 poems. He was imaginative. He often changed nouns into verbs or invented new words. Many of these are now used in English like blanket generous lonely and mountaineer.
3 Punctuation: the comma and the colon
a Commas (,) are used
• in lists: The best things about Shakespeare are his exciting stories, his characters and his language.
• after clauses which start with if, when, after, although, etc.: If you read his poems, you will find them interesting.
b Colons (:) are used
• at the beginning of lists: These are the best things about Shakespeare:his exciting stories, his characters.
• to introduce an explanation It is difficult to read Shakespeare: his English is old-fashioned to us.
5 Write about a famous poet in about 75 words.
a Write your first draft quickly. Use the best text in Exercise 2 as an example.
• Check that you have included commas and colons in the correct places.
• Look for grammar and spelling mistakes. Check in your dictionary.
b Correct any mistakes, then write the final description.


1- يشهد عصرنا الحالي طفرة في عالم الاتصالات و التكنولوجيا الحديثة.
1- Our current age is witnessing a great shift in the world of communications and modern technology
2- تعلم مهارات التفكير الناقد تساعدنا علي مواجهة تحديات العصر
2- Learning critical thinking skills helps us to face the challenges of modern age.
3- أثبتت مصر للعالم كله قدرتها علي تنظيم مسابقات عالمية بكفاءة.
3- Egypt has proved to the whole world that it is able to organize international contests (competitions) efficiently.
4- نظمت مصر كأس العالم للشباب تحت العشرين بنجاح.
4- Egypt organized the under 20 World Youth Cup successfully.
5- تعتبر زيارة أوباما لمصر بداية عهد جديد مع الدول العربية.
5- Obama's visit to Egypt is thought of as (is considered as) a new era for Arab countries.
Translate into English:
1- هل تعتقد أن هناك حياة بشرية على كواكب أخرى بخلاف الأرض؟
2- لقد أثرت التقنية الحديثة على كل جوانب حياتنا حاليا بدرجة كبيرة.
3- يمكنك الحصول على معلومات عن الهندسة الوراثية عبر الإنترنت.
4- يستخدم العلماء لغة غالبا ما تكون صعبة على عامة الناس.
5- تمكننا الأبحاث العلمية من تحسين الأوضاع الصحية وإنتاج الغذاء.

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