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شرح الوحده الثاني لغة انجليزية للصف الثاني الثانوي ترم اول unit2

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 في أطار سعينا لنمو العملية التعليمية في مصر نحاول جاهدين أن نقدم لكم كل جديد،أولاً بأول:من مذكرات وملخصات ومراجعات نهائية واختبارات وأهم الفديوهات التعليمية التي تبسط المعلومات وتقدمها في أسهل صورة لها كما نحاول تخفيف العبئ الواقع على طلابنا الأعزاء في جميع المراحل التعليمية المختلفة وذالك عن طريق تقديم النصائح و خلاصة تجارب زملائهم الاوائل في السنين التي سبقتهم كي نخفف عنهم الضغط ونمدهم بالامل والطاقه ونضيف أعمار من سبقهم اليهم فشعار موقعنا -موقع اي بوك التعليمي-هو "انت في امان وتفوق وتقدم" وهدفنا هو مساعدتك في الوصول الي اهدافك واحلامك " من خلال العملية التعليمية، ولذالك نقدم لكم شرح الوحده الثاني لغة انجليزية للصف الثاني الثانوي ترم اول unit2




 
ask for
يطلب
bleach
يبيض
mud
طين
a mass
جمهور
planet
كوكب
maze
متاهة
throw
يرمي
gases
غازات
toxic
سام
tobacco
تبغ
toxin
السم
chemical
كيماوي
waste
فلقد
expression
تعبير
protect
يحمي
taste
  مذاق- يتذوق
pollute
يلوث
situation
موقف
pollution
تلوث
unkind
قاسي
power
قوة
location
موقع
turn into
يتحول الي
surely
بالتأكيد
poison
السم
space
فراغ
pain
الم
area
منطقة
damage
تلف
park
حديقة
cause
يسبب
negotiate
يتفاوض
promise
يوعد
choice
اختيار
frightened
خائف
summary
ملخص
experience
تجربة
nearby
قريب
remain
يبقي
somewhere
مكان ما
white
ابيض
transport
النقل
forever
للأبد
owner
مالك
human
بشر
final
نهائي

ask for
يطلب
bleach
يبيض
mud
طين
a mass
جمهور
planet
كوكب
maze
متاهة
throw
يرمي
gases
غازات
toxic
سام
tobacco
تبغ
toxin
السم
chemical
كيماوي
waste
فلقد
expression
تعبير
protect
يحمي
taste
  مذاق- يتذوق
pollute
يلوث
situation
موقف
pollution
تلوث
unkind
قاسي
power
قوة
location
موقع
turn into
يتحول الي
surely
بالتأكيد
poison
السم
space
فراغ
pain
الم
area
منطقة
damage
تلف
park
حديقة
cause
يسبب
negotiate
يتفاوض
promise
يوعد
choice
اختيار
frightened
خائف
summary
ملخص
experience
تجربة
nearby
قريب
remain
يبقي
somewhere
مكان ما
white
ابيض
transport
النقل
forever
للأبد
owner
مالك
human
بشر
final
نهائي
author
مؤلف
interested in
مهتم بـ
iron
حديد
birds
طيور
British
بريطاني
describe
يصف
poet
شاعر
member
فرد عضو
laureate
شاعر بلاط
amazing
مدهش
century
قرن
dragon
تنين
a gardener
بستاني
a queen
ملكة
magazine
مجلة
England
إنجلترا
amusing
مسلي
several
عديد
death
الموت
plays
مسرحيات
poem
قصيدة
French
فرنسي
come out
تظهر
nature
الطبيعة
publish
ينشر
royal
ملكي
folk
الناس كافة- شعبي
destroy
يدمر
appear
يظهر
historic
تاريخي
save
ينقذ
manager
مدير
earth
الأرض
climb
يتسلق
dangers
أخطار
marsh
مستنقع
pollution
تلوث
enormous
ضخم
during
أثناء
bright
مشرق- لامع
childhood
طفولة
terrified
خائف
countryside
الريف
dream
يحلم - حلم
environment
البيئة
later
فيما بعد

 
Definitions


 
waste
Materials left after you used something
childhood
The stageمرحلة when you are a child
death
The end of someone’s life
publish
To be printed and to be available for people to buy.
poet laureate
A poet for the king or the queen
Turn into
To make something change and become completely different
amusing
Funny and entertaining
marsh
An area of soft wet land
enormous
Very big
remain
Continue in the same way
toxic
poisonous
forever
For all future time

 
Turn into / convert into
يتحول الي
Wake up
يستيقظ
Save from = rescue from
ينقذ من
Ask for
يطلب
Make it into a film
يحولها الي فيلم
By the river
بجوار النهر
He worked as a doctor
يعمل كطبيب
Throw rubbish into
يرمي الزبالة في
Work for
يعمل في عند
Is ready to
مستعد لـ
At this time
في هذا الوقت
Special powers
قوي خاصة
The book came out
الكتاب ظهر
A poisoned river
نهر مسمم
Poet laureate
شاعر البلاط الملكي
Cause damage
يسبب تلف
Climb out of
يتسلق خارج من
So frightened that
خائف لدرجة ان
Interested in
مهتم بـ
keen on
متحمس لـ

 
iron حديد / My axe is made of iron an ironمكوي- يكوي / I need an iron to iron my shirt
  ( is made into a film ) The story of the Iron Man was made into a film .
  later فيما بعد- لاحقاً I will see you later. This story was written many years later
  help + object ( to +infمصدر ) أو ( مصدر ) He helped me to do / do my homework
  interested in / keen on / fond of + verb +ing / noun Hughes was interested in animals
  Childhoodالطفولة Oliver Twist suffered a lot during his childhood.
  work as+ job Hughes worked as a gardener , a teacher and in a zoo.
  work for ( company – institution – someone) Hughes worked for a magazine.
  publishينشر ( a book / a magazine / an article ) The book was published last year
  come out = is published The book came out last year
amazing مذهل مدهش The pyramids are amazing.
amazed مندهش Tourists are amazed when they visit the pyramids
see+مفعول ) ingمصدر أو Lucy saw the Iron Woman climbing / climb out of a dirty marsh
Askيسأل a question Ask about يسأل عن his job Ask forيطلب help
remember + ingيتذكر شيء حدث بالفعل Lucy remembered reading about the Iron Man.
remember + to + infinitiveيتذكر فعل لم يحدث Remember to buy me some chocolate .
arrive فعل لازم reach فعل متعدي get to +مفعول
  Arrive at +أماكن صغيرة I arrived at school / arrive in +أماكن كبيرة I arrived in Cairo
  Reach يصل أفقي وراسي ومعنوي ولا تأخذ حرف جر I reached Cairo / the summit / an idea
turn intoيحول الي The Iron Woman turned the factory workers into fish .
remain يبقي - يظل The men’s hair didn’t change and remained white foreverللأبد
Historic جزء من التاريخ ( تاريخي ) The pyramids are historic building.
Historicalمتعلق بالتاريخ ( تاريخي ) The Egyptian Museum is a historical building.
tasteيتذوق - الذوق Give someone a taste of their medicine
  The reason why + جملة The reason why he came late was that he missed the bus.
  The reason for + n. / V+ ing The reason for his absence was that he was ill.
Who / that تحل محل فاعل أو مفعول عاقل
Ted Hughes is the man who / that was Poet Laureate from 1984 to 1998.
Lucy remembered a boy called Hogarth who/ that was the Iron man’s friend.
My cousin , who is 30 this weekend ,has bought a house in Port Said.
The man who / whom / that I lived with was honest.
Whom / that تحل محل فاعل أو مفعول عاقل
The boy to whom you listen is top of our class ( بحرف جر whomتسبق )
The man with whom I lived was honest. ( who / that ) لانستخدم حرف جر قبل .
Which / that تحل محل فاعل أو مفعول غير عاقل
The books which / that people liked most were often about nature.
The poems that were in the book describe each member of the family in an amazing way.
Ted Hughes was born in Yorkshire , which is in the north of England.
I played a tennis match with my brother which made me very tired. ( علي جملة كاملةwhichتعود (
Who / whom / which بدلاً من ( that ) لانستخدم ( comma ) عند وجود ( ملحوظة هامة )
The man and his horse that I saw were very thirsty. ( that )عندما يعود الضمير علي عاقل وغير عاقل

Whose للعاقل وغير العاقل ويأتي بعدها اسم ( my – his – her its – their – our – your – ‘s)تحل محل
Dalia is my friend whose sister lives in London.
 Hughes’s wife , whose name was Sylvia Plash , was a famous American writer.
  The story whose title was the Iron Woman was written by Ted Hughes.
تحل محل المكان ومعناها حيث ( Where = ( in – at – for – on which
Hughes worked in a zoo , where he learned a lot about animals.
Lucy asked the Iron Woman not to destroy the factory where Lucy’s father worked.
This is the hospital where Ola went when she was ill.
  When = ( in – at – on which ) تحل محل الوقت أو الزمن (
One o’clock is the time when we usually have lunch.
I love my father’s birthday when all the family gather to celebrate .
What = the thing that What makes me angry is that he comes late.

طريقة الربط بضمير الوصل
1– نحدد المشترك في الجملتين ( اسم وضمير )
2 – نحذف المشترك الثاني ونضع ضمير الوصل بدلاً منه في بداية الجملة الثانية
3- نقوم بوضع الجملة الثانية بعد المشترك الأول

 
The exampleالمثال
The answerالإجابة
Mona is polite . I respect her.
who
Mona who I respect is polite.
Ahmed is my friend. You talk to him
whom
Ahmed to whom you talk is my friend
I will build a house and it will be big.
which
The house I will build will be big
The car made an accident . It was black
that
The car that made an accident was black
The cat is nice. Its hair is soft.
whose
The cat whose hair is soft is nice.
The boy is sad. His mobile is broken
whose
The boy whose mobile is broken is sad
The flat is large and I live in it
where
The flat where I live is large.
I love Friday because I was born on it
when
I love Friday when I was born
I bought a silk shirt .
which
The shirt which I bought was made of silk
I like my grandfather best
who
My grandfather is the person who I like best
I like English best
which
English is the subject which I like best
We had a picnic here last year
where
This is the place where we had a picnic last year
I met a girl with blue eyes
who
The girl who I met had blue eyes
I met a girl with blue eyes
whose
I met a girl whose eyes were blue

 
.يحذف ضمير الوصل إذا كان مفعولا وغير مسبوق بحرف جر
  The car which I bought cost me a lot of money = The car I bought cost me a lot of money.
  The doctor who I visited yesterday was merciful= The doctor I visited yesterday was merciful .
  أو التصريف الثالث للفعل كصفة ( ing ) يمكن حذف ضمير الوصل إذا كان فاعلا للجملة بشرط أن نستخدم صيغة
I admire people who work hard = I admire people working hard.
The film which contains a lot of adventures is exciting.
The film containing a lot of adventures is exciting.
I like the poems which were written by Ted Hughes.
I read the poems written by Ted Hughes.



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