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شرح الوحده الثالثه لغة انجليزية للصف الثاني الثانوي ترم اول unit3

الخط
 في أطار سعينا لنمو العملية التعليمية في مصر نحاول جاهدين أن نقدم لكم كل جديد،أولاً بأول:من مذكرات وملخصات ومراجعات نهائية واختبارات وأهم الفديوهات التعليمية التي تبسط المعلومات وتقدمها في أسهل صورة لها كما نحاول تخفيف العبئ الواقع على طلابنا الأعزاء في جميع المراحل التعليمية المختلفة وذالك عن طريق تقديم النصائح و خلاصة تجارب زملائهم الاوائل في السنين التي سبقتهم كي نخفف عنهم الضغط ونمدهم بالامل والطاقه ونضيف أعمار من سبقهم اليهم فشعار موقعنا -موقع اي بوك التعليمي-هو "انت في امان وتفوق وتقدم" وهدفنا هو مساعدتك في الوصول الي اهدافك واحلامك " من خلال العملية التعليمية، ولذالك نقدم لكم  شرح الوحده الثالثه لغة انجليزية للصف الثاني الثانوي ترم اول unit3







natural
طبيعي
fresh
طازج
artificial
صناعي
bake
يخبز
manufacture
يصنع
cover
يغطي
cells
خلايا
land
تهبط
crisps
بطاطس
insects
حشرات
make sure
يتأكد
tasty
لذيذ
label
تكت به المحتوي
raw
نيخام
ingredients
مكونات
properly
بدقة
reliable
موثوق
spider
عنكبوت
rely on
يعتمد
caramel
حلوي
count on
يعتمد
cargo
شحنة
expiry
انتهاء صلاحية
tolerant
متسامح
valid
صالح
tolerance
تسامح
fine
يغرم
intolerance
تعصب
check
يفحص
function
يعمل
advertise
يعلن
argue
يجادل
carbonated
مكربن
race
سلالة
vinegar
خل
religion
دين
caffeine
كافين
minority
أقلية
corn
ذرة
peacefully
بسلام
sunflowers
عباد شمس
unfairly
بظلم
responsibility
مسئولية
expel
يطرد
 
safety
الآمان
syllable
مقطع
chemicals
كيماويات
application
تطبيق
deliberately
بتعمد
area
منطقة
fertile
خصيب
generosity
كرم
fertility
خصوبة
stress
ضغط
cause
يسبب
poisonous
سام
wastes
فضلات
toxic
سام
carelessness
إهمال
ton
طن
careless
مهمل
contain
يحتوي
manage
يدير
content
محتوي
manager
مدير
fridge
ثلاجة
farm
مزرعة
rules
قواعد
industry
صناعة
obey
يطيع
man-made
صنع إنسان
obedience
طاعة
exist
يوجد
flavour
طعم
communication
اتصال
ketchup
كاتشب
preservatives
مواد حافظة
plough
يحرث
preserve
يحفظ
passenger
راكب
belong to
ينتمي لـ
injured
مصاب
heart
قلب
serious
خطير - جاد
disease
مرض
aim
هدف
treat
يعامل - يعالج
citizen
مواطن

 
Definitions
carelessness
Not paying attention to what you are doing
deliberately
You do something because you want to do it
fertile
Fertile soil produces plenty of crops
industry
The production of goods , especially in factories
label
A piece of paper or other material with information on it
reliable
Someone or something that can be trusted
aim
The thing that you are hoping to achieve
manage
To be in charge of a company
artificial
Man-made / not natural
fine
Pay money as punishment
raw
Not cooked
expiry
The end of a period of time
count on
Trust someone or something
properly
correctly/ in an acceptable way
ingredients
What the food is made of
manufacture
To make goods
exist
To be real , present or alive
Prepositions& expressions

 
Look up
يبحث عن كلمة
Security and safety
الأمن والآمان
Belong to
ينتمي الي
Expiry date
تاريخ انتهاء الصلاحية
Come from
يأتي من
careful with your money
انتبه لمالك
It is safe to eat
امن للأكل
careful of the snake
احترس من الثعبان
Full of
مملوء بـ
Reliable shop
محل موثوق فيه
carbonated water
ماء مكربن - فوار
Advertise on TV
يعلن في التلفزيون

 
 pollute =يلوث contaminate pollution = contamination pollutantsملوثات
  deliberately متعمداً = on purpose accidentally بدون قصد
  fertile خصيب مثمر fertilityخصوبة fertilizersأسمدة barren landارض قاحلة
  food safety organisation منظمة الأمن الغذائي makes sure that all the food is safe to eat
  aim هدف في الحياة يهدف goalهدف في المرمي هدف في الحياة targetهدف موضع نقد
  What are the ingredients مكونات of this dish? elementsعناصر factors عوامل
  artificial lake بحيرة صناعية / artificial limbsأطراف صناعية / artificial milkلبن صناعي
  synthetic gasغاز صناعي / synthetic fibresألياف صناعية / false teethأسنان صناعية
  expire ينقضي ينتهي expiry dateتاريخ انتهاء الصلاحية validityصلاحية
  Labels on the food may have a list of ingredients and give an expiry date.
  Owners of shops that sell food that is later than its expiry date can be fined. يغرم
  a chemicalمادة كيميائية Food which is grown using chemicals may be bad for you.
  chemicalكيماوي Chemical weapons are mass-destructive weapons.أسلحة دمار شامل
  tasty جميل الطعم Crisps are tasty tastefulحسن الذوق Nada is tasteful
  count on = rely on = depend on My brother is reliable, you can count on him.
O جمع الكلمات المنتهية بـ
مثل الكلمات الآتية : ( es ) يضاف لها عند الجمع ( o ( الأسماء المنتهية بحرف
  Potato potatoes tomato tomatoes mango mangoes
  mosquito mosquitoes ratio ratios motto mottoes
  فقط مثل الكلمات الآتية : ( s ) يضاف لها عند الجمع واصلها إيطالي( o ( الأسماء المنتهية بحرف
  studio studios scenario scenarios kilo kilos
  piano pianos photo photos radio radios

Language Function
Ask for recommendation
Giving recommendation ( suggestion )
What is the best book to read?
Can you recommend me a good restaurant ?
What o you suggest doing now?
Where do you suggest we start?
I recommend reading historical books
This restaurant serves tasty food
What ( How ) about ……………..?
Why don’t we ……………..?

Food must be covered well .في المبني للمجهول الفاعل يقع عليه الفعل
( The passive infinitive ( be + التصريف الثالث )
will shall – would – can – could – may – might – should – must )) + be + pp
 We will build a new bridge here soon A new bridge will be built here soon .
 People must keep food in the fridge Food must be kept in the fridge
Everyone should keep their passwords secret Passwords should be kept secret.
( have to – has to – had to – ought to – need to – going to ) + be + pp
You ought to tidy your room Your room ought to be tidied.
. We have to obey traffic rules Traffic rules have to be obeyed
We are going to demolish this house This house is going to be demolished.
We need to irrigate rice regularly Rice needs to be irrigated regularly
 Mr Hesham made us respect him. Mr Hesham made himself be respected by us.


Active
: The servant keeps the house clean.
( present simple )
Passive
: The house is kept clean by the servant.
المضارع البسيط
Active
: She cleaned the room.
( past simple )
Passive
: The room was cleaned by her.
الماضي البسيط
Active
: They are playing football.
( present continuous )
Passive


: Football is being played by them.


المضارع المستمر





Active
: The gardener was picking the flowers.
( past continuous )
Passive
: The flowers were being picked by the gardener.
الماضي المستمر
Active
: We have built a new house.
( present perfect )
Passive
: A new house has been built by us.
المضارع التام
Active
: The teacher had explained the lesson.
( past perfect )
Passive
: The lesson had been explained by the teacher.
الماضي التام
Active
: I'll visit Ahmed next week.
( future simple )
Passive
: Ahmed will be visited by me next week.
المستقبل البسيط
Active
: By next week I will have finished the report.
( future perfect )
Passive
: By next week the report will have been finished.
المستقبل التام
Active
: I have been reading this story.
( present perfect continuous )
Passive
: This story has been read by me.
مضارع تام بدلا من تام مستمر




She seems to deceive him

He seems to be deceived
حالات خاصة مثل المصدر وغيره
Active
After they had freed the dinosaurs, they destroyed many buildings.
Passive
Having been freed, the dinosaurs destroyed many buildings.
Active
I don't like people deceiving me
Passive
I don't like being deceived
Active
I thought someone was watching me I thought that I was being watched
تحـول الأفعال اللازمة فى المبنى للمجهـول كالآتي :










               




say - think






It is + pp التصريف الثالث للفعل اللازم


know consider
     
     

People
announce – report
Subject + (be) + pp + to + (inf)

المضـارع

expect - believe



claim – allege
Subject + (be) + pp + to have + pp
الماضي
أمثلة للأفعال اللازمة
Say / Know / Think / Believe / Deny / Allege / Claim / Report / Expect
  People expect that he will win the Nobel Prize
It is expected that he will win the Nobel Prize. ( It is said that ……………)
He is expected to win the Nobel Prize. ( He is said to ……………)
  People think that he stole the money
It is thought that he stole the money. He is thought to have stolen the money
  People believe that she stole the documents
It is believed that she stole the documents.
 She is believed to have stolen the documents
  The police report that the terrorists are making a plan to destroy tourism.
It is reported that that the terrorists are making a plan to destroy tourism.
The terrorists are reported to be making a plan to destroy tourism.

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